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Kidney Stones are one of the most Common yet Extremely Painful Health Conditions people suffer from. As per Statistics, approximately 12% of the Indian Population is reported to be Prone to Kidney Stones every year. Kidney stones form in different sizes, Larger Kidney Stones don’t go away on their own, they require urgent medical Diagnosis & Treatment.
You will gain a thorough understanding of everything concerning Kidney Stone from Best Kidney Stone treatment options, Kidney Stone Surgery in Mumbai opt for, alongside the Best Kidney Stone Doctors, in the Best Hospital for Kidney Stone by reading the contents on this page.
Renal calculi, commonly known as kidney stones, are hard masses of salts and minerals that build up in the kidneys. The hazardous waste from the body is filtered out of the body via urine by the kidneys. Toxic waste collects in the kidneys, ureters, and urinary bladder as a result of low fluid content in the body.
Kidney stones, which are crystal-like materials, occur as a result of this. Around 12% of India's population is thought to be affected by renal calculi, with 50% of those affected likely to develop kidney impairment. As a result, it is critical to identify the signs of kidney stones in order to receive prompt treatment.
Kidney stones can be as little as a grain of sand or as large as a ping pong ball. Kidney stones are more prevalent in men in their forties and fifties, but they can happen at any age. Renal calculi must be treated in order to reduce the risk of complications.
Untreated kidney stones can harm nearby organs and even restrict the urine tract, causing excruciating discomfort. Get in touch with us to learn more about kidney stone treatment in Mumbai, by The Best Kidney Stone Specialists in Mumbai in the Best Kidney Stone clinic nearby.
Severity: Kidney stone is a serious disorder that can lead to kidney failure. Urinary retention caused by large stones can be very painful. The stone can obstruct the flow of urine, producing excruciating discomfort and possibly nausea and vomiting. Kidney stones, if left untreated, can cause a variety of hazards and difficulties in the ureter and surrounding organs.
Kidney stones form when the amount of harmful waste in the urine exceeds the amount of fluid in the boX ureter, pelvic ureteric junction, and urinary bladder. Apart from that, oxalates, phosphates, calcium, struvites, cystine(rare), and xanthine are the main components of kidney stones (rare).
Encouraging a diet high in these minerals can lead to kidney stone production. If the size of a renal stone trapped in the ureter is large enough, it can restrict the urinal channel. This produces excruciating agony and raises the likelihood of complications.
Tests: The shape, size, number, and position of the stones are all determined through diagnostic procedures. This can assist the urologist in determining the best course of action for removing kidney stones. A urologist may recommend a number of tests, including:
Imaging tests: Abdominal ultrasound, X-rays, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are used to produce 3D images of the stones in the belly. This aids in pinpointing the location where the stones could be found.
Blood tests: Blood tests are used to look for any illness in your body that could lead to kidney stones. It's critical to check for calcium, phosphorus, uric acid, and electrolytes, which can all contribute to the progression of kidney stones.
Blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine test: This test determines the quantity of nitrogen in the blood that originates from the waste product, urea, and helps identify any abnormal kidney function.
Urinalysis: This test examines the contents of the urine for any crystals, bacteria, or other agents that may be linked to the formation of kidney stones or infection of the urinary system.
Self Diagnosis: As of now, there is no specific procedure for a patient to self-diagnose kidney stones. Identifying various signs and symptoms of kidney stones, such as severe back pain or pain around the abdomen, fever, chills, nausea, and so on. If the patient is experiencing any of the above, they should get medical help right once.
Diagnosis by Doctor: The doctor will examine your symptoms and get a copy of your medical history. Your urologist will likely review your family history record because heredity is a key risk factor for kidney stones. However, a correct diagnosis can only be made after diagnostic testing such as imaging exams and blood tests have been completed.
Kidney stones, also known as renal calculi, come in a variety of shapes and sizes. If kidney stones are less than 4-5mm in size, urologists will usually suggest drugs, home remedies, enough fluid intake, and therapies to assist flush the stone out of the body.
Non-surgical methods, on the other hand, may only be beneficial in lowering discomfort and aiding in the management of kidney stone symptoms for large stones.
This is due to the fact that our ureter is just 3mm to 4mm wide, and huge stones can cause obstruction and excruciating discomfort. Non-surgical methods do not provide long-term health advantages, and the likelihood of recurrence is usually high.
Laser treatments, shockwave lithotripsy, ureteroscopy, and minimal invasion are all used in kidney stone surgery. Kidney stones that are less than 4-5mm in size usually pass on their own. Despite this, urologists typically advise surgical intervention with advanced methods to treat intractable stones.
Furthermore, if the discomfort becomes unbearable, surgery is required, which increases the risk of complications. For stones larger than 15mm, there are four surgical options: retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS), ureteroscopic lithotripsy (URSL), extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL), and percutaneous nephrolithotomy/nephrolithotripsy (PCNL).
Types of Kidney Stone Surgery
RIRS (Retrograde Intrarenal Surgery): RIRS is a cutting-edge treatment for treating kidney stones ranging in size from 8mm to 15mm. First, depending on the patient's preference for painless treatment, the anaesthesia expert will provide spinal or general anaesthetic. The patient is sedated below the waist under spinal anaesthesia, whereas the patient is sleeping during the surgery in general anaesthesia.
A thin, flexible endoscope with a tiny laser on the other end is then used by the urologist. X-rays and imaging tests guide the surgeon within the patient's body to detect the location of stones. Forceps are used to remove the stones, which are then split into smaller fragments with microscopic lasers. The stone fragments are then excreted through the urine.
The surgeon may place ureteral stents in your ureter through your urethra. Stents widen the path of the urinary tract, allowing stones to pass more easily. Stents are often left in place for 10-14 days, depending on how long it takes for stone particles to drain out completely. The stent can be removed the same day or at a later appointment with the surgeon. In the case of staghorn calculus (a form of kidney stone that looks like a stag's horns), RIRS may require two to three sittings to thoroughly remove the stones.
ESWL (Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy): Extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (ESWL) is another name for ESWL. It's a minimally invasive procedure in which the doctor employs external shock waves to shatter the kidney stone into smaller fragments. When the stones are ejected from the body, the patient is given a spinal anaesthetic to help with the pain. ESWL is a traditional method that may take numerous sessions to thoroughly shatter the stones.
URSL (Ureteroscopic Lithotripsy): The patient is given spinal or general anaesthetic during URSL. This ensures that the surgery is painless from start to finish. The surgeon next inserts a ureteroscope, a narrow tube with a camera and laser on the other end, into the ureter. The camera locates the stones, which are then broken into smaller fragments by the laser.
Urine is used to flush out the smaller fragments. Stents are inserted into the ureter by the urologist to expand the ureter opening and allow stones to pass through more easily. The stents are retained in place until the stones have been drained out completely.
PCNL (Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy): Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy is a minimally invasive procedure for treating kidney stones larger than 15mm in diameter. Because of the small incisions, it's also known as tunnel surgery. To guarantee a painless process, the anesthesiologist delivers a general anaesthetic prior to the surgery.
During the procedure, the patient will be unconscious. The surgeon will then make a small incision on the flank (about 1cm) (lower back area). A nephroscope is used by the surgeon to detect and break up the stones. The stone can be removed in its entirety, or it can be split into smaller pieces and flushed out if it is too large.
When to See a Doctor
If your pain is so severe that you can't find a comfortable place to relax, see a urologist. Nausea, vomiting, fever, and chills are all common side effects of pain. If you notice blood in your pee or have extreme difficulty passing the urine, you should seek medical help right once.
Complications, If Kidney Stones are left Untreated
Kidney stone treatment is required to avoid a number of risks and problems. Some kidney stones are small enough to wash out on their own, while others are large enough to necessitate surgery. Renal stones can produce excruciatingly painful discomfort that can range from mild to severe. The following are some of the side effects of untreated kidney stones:
Hydronephrosis: Hydronephrosis is the enlargement of the kidneys caused by the buildup of urine in the kidneys.
Kidney failure: Kidney failure is caused by scarring and damage to the kidneys.
Septicemia: Septicemia, which can be fatal, is caused by severe infections in the blood. Kidney failure can lead to kidney removal, also known as nephrectomy. When a stone becomes lodged in the ureter and obstructs the urinary tract, it can cause bladder obstruction and, in some situations, painful urine retention.
The cost of kidney stone treatment varies based on the method of stone removal used as well as any additional costs (medication, consultation, stenting, anaesthesia, etc.) incurred during the procedure.
Price for Kidney Stone Treatment; and the total cost of surgery will vary depending on a variety of factors such as the surgeon chosen, the number of stones, the urologist's experience, the hospital chosen, the number of stones, insurance coverage, post-consultation charges, and so on. To learn more about the cost of kidney stone treatment in your city, contact us.
If you are looking for the best, advanced, Effective & affordable Kidney Stone Surgery in Mumbai we would suggest you, opt for RIRS or URSL as these Kidney Stone Removal Surgeries have a lot of advantages and a quicker recovery rate.
So, If you are seeking Kidney Stone Surgery in Mumbai or any city across India, in Budget, You can Contact the Glamyo Health website, Book an appointment for Free Counselling and a Hassle-Free treatment experience.
Are you looking for a quick surgery to get rid of kidney stones in Mumbai? Glamyo Health can provide advanced kidney stone removal treatment at an affordable cost.
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Laser Hemorrhoidectomy is a minimally invasive technique used for treating Kidney Stone using laser energy.
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It is quite difficult and inconvenient to pass multiple kidney stones naturally. In such cases, surgical treatment of kidney stones is the best option. With modern treatments like shock wave lithotripsy and laser lithotripsy, you can get rid of multiple kidney stones without any hassle.
Kidney stones can cause recurrent infections in the urinary tract. Kidney stones can rub against the walls of the urinary tract and make the site more prone to bacterial attack. Also, they can get lodged in any part of the tract and cause a blockage. This can result in obstructed urinary flow and can lead to urinary tract infections frequently.
Prolonged and untreated kidney stones can damage the kidneys and affect their functioning over time. Urine buildup in the kidneys due to blockage can result in swelling of the kidneys and can cause loss of kidney functioning.
If kidney stones are left untreated for a long time, they can cause blockage in the urinary tract. This can lead to urine build-up and can cause the kidneys to swell up (hydronephrosis). Also, severe kidney stones can cause serious kidney damage and can result in kidney functioning loss.
The modern treatments like laser treatment and Shock Wave lithotripsy are the most convenient and safest treatment options available for kidney stones. Both these are minimally invasive and painless procedures, and can help you get rid of kidney stones in just one day.
Some of the patients feel too embarrassed to seek medical help for Kidney Stone. Untreated Kidney Stone can result in serious medical complications· Infection· Anal fistula· Anaemia due to prolonged blood loss.
Consult our Glamyo expert doctors who will help you with painless laser treatment.