Endometrial Hyperplasia is an abnormal proliferation of endometrium or endometrial glands. The abnormality arises due to estrogenic stimulation and progesterone deficiency. Endometrial Hyperplasia eventually leads to endometrial carcinoma. To prevent the development of endometrial malignancy in women, signs or symptoms must be observed for Endometrial Hyperplasia.
Endometrial hyperplasia is a condition in which the lining of the uterus, called the endometrium, becomes thicker than normal due to an increase in the number of cells. This condition can occur in women of all ages, but it is most common in women who are approaching menopause. Endometrial hyperplasia is caused by an overgrowth of cells in the lining of the uterus. This can occur for several reasons, including:
Hormonal imbalances: An increase in the hormone estrogen can cause the endometrium to thicken, leading to hyperplasia.
Obesity: Excess body weight can lead to an increase in estrogen levels, which can contribute to the development of endometrial hyperplasia.
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS): Women with PCOS have hormonal imbalances that can increase their risk of developing endometrial hyperplasia.
This type of hyperplasia occurs when the cells in the endometrium begin to grow more than normal, but they remain normal in appearance and do not show any signs of abnormal growth or changes.
In this type of hyperplasia, the cells in the endometrium become abnormal in appearance, with some cells growing larger and more irregularly shaped than normal.
This is the most severe form of hyperplasia, where the cells in the endometrium become highly abnormal and can potentially become cancerous.
The PAP smear test
Histological examination of endometrial tissue
4. Diabetes Mellitus
5. Anovulatory cycles
7. Ovarian cancer or tumor
8. HRT (Hormone replacement therapy)
9. Immunosuppression (in the case of individuals who get renal graft )
Following complication may arise if endometrial hyperplasia is left untreated:
1. Endometrial adenocarcinoma is the most clinically significant complication arising from untreated endometrial hyperplasia.
2. Atypia endometrial hyperplasia has a greater risk of tumor development that is highly invasive if not treated properly.
The average cost of laparoscopic hysterectomy to treat adenomyosis is ₹35,000 - ₹40,000. The cost varies from the type of surgical procedure, hospital facilities and cities.
The cost of surgical treatment for endometrial hyperplasia is covered under health insurance. Most of the time, the insurer will cover a particular amount for the surgery. However, the amount of coverage depends on the type of policy. It is essential to know that treatments other than surgical treatments will not be covered under the health insurance.
Your insurance plan may cover all or a portion of the costs associated with the treatment of endometrial hyperplasia, including medication, surgical fees, and diagnostic tests. However, you may be responsible for co-payments or deductibles, and some treatments may require pre-authorization from your insurance provider before they will cover the costs.
To ensure that you understand your insurance coverage for endometrial hyperplasia treatment, it's important to speak with your insurance provider directly or to consult with a healthcare professional who can help you navigate the insurance process.
Endometrial hyperplasia is a condition in which the lining of the uterus (the endometrium) becomes thicker than normal due to an excess of estrogen in the body. This can occur in women of all ages but is most common in women who are approaching menopause or who have already gone through menopause.
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Causes of Endometrial Hyperplasia
Endometrial hyperplasia is caused by an imbalance of hormones in the body, specifically an excess of estrogen. This can occur for a number of reasons, including:
Symptoms of Endometrial Hyperplasia
Endometrial hyperplasia may not cause any symptoms in its early stages. However, as the condition progresses, women may experience the following symptoms:
Diagnosis of Endometrial Hyperplasia
Endometrial hyperplasia is diagnosed through a biopsy of the endometrium, which involves taking a small sample of tissue from the lining of the uterus and examining it under a microscope. Additional tests may be done to rule out other conditions, such as uterine fibroids or endometrial cancer.