PCOD stands for Polycystic Ovarian Disease, is a medical condition where the ovaries of women produce partially mature or immature eggs in large amount and, with time, becomes cysts in the ovaries, which makes the ovaries large and secrete huge amount of male hormones that lead to irregular menstrual cycles, infertility, abnormal weight gain, and hair loss. However, PCOD can be managed and controlled by modifications of lifestyle and diet.
PCOD does not lead to any serious condition. Females or Women start observing symptoms during their first periods, and sometimes women are found to have this condition when they gain huge body weight
PCOD (Polycystic Ovarian Disease) is a disease condition in women wherein ovaries produce a large number of immature or partially mature follicles. The complication arises over a while when the immature follicles start forming cysts inside the ovaries. Eventually, ovaries enlarge and start secreting high levels of androgens (male hormones), leading to the following.
1. Irregularities in the menstrual cycle
2. Loss of hair
4. Abnormal gain of weight.
Pelvic examination–To inspect the patient’s reproductive organs and associated abnormalities.
Blood tests – For measuring hormone levels, fasting cholesterol and levels of triglycerides.
Ultrasound – To visualize any physical abnormality in the ovaries and uterine lining.
Additional tests that a doctor might recommend include:
1. Blood pressure check
2. Test for glucose tolerance
3. Levels of cholesterol
While there is no cure for PCOS, there are several surgical treatments that may be used to manage symptoms or improve fertility.
2. Gestational diabetes ( Increased blood pressure at the time of pregnancy)
4. Premature births
5. Endometrial cancer
If PCOD is left untreated, it may lead to several diseases like Type 2 diabetes, hypertension, endometrial cancer, and obesity.
PCOD (Polycystic Ovary Disease) or PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome) is a common hormonal disorder that affects women of reproductive age. PCOD is characterized by the presence of multiple cysts in the ovaries and hormonal imbalances that can cause irregular menstrual cycles, infertility, and other health issues.
The symptoms of PCOD can vary from woman to woman and can be mild or severe. Commonly the symptoms are irregular menstrual cycles, ovarian cysts, imbalances in hormones such as estrogen, progesterone, and testosterone, acne or oily skin, weight gain, excess hair growth on the face, chest, back, or abdomen, and infertility issues.
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