An ovarian cyst is a fluid-filled sac that develops on one of the ovaries in a woman's reproductive system. Ovarian cysts can vary in size, from as small as a pea to larger than a grapefruit. Most ovarian cysts are benign and do not cause symptoms, but some may cause pain, bloating, or other uncomfortable symptoms. Treatment for ovarian cysts may depend on the size and type of cyst, as well as any symptoms present.

Ovaries are small, almond-shaped reproductive organs found in the pelvic region of a female body. Most of the time, the cysts inside ovaries are painless and asymptomatic. Moreover, most women are usually unaware of having cysts in their ovaries unless and until they are visible in a diagnostic imaging test or a routine pelvic examination.

what is ovarian cyst


Functional cysts

These are the most common type of ovarian cysts and are usually harmless. Functional cysts are formed during the normal menstrual cycle.

Endometriotic Cysts

These cysts are formed from endometrial tissue that grows outside the uterus and attaches to the ovary.

Polycystic ovaries

This condition involves the development of multiple small cysts on the ovaries, which can cause hormonal imbalances and affect fertility.


These cysts develop from cells on the surface of the ovary and can be filled with fluid or mucus.



  • Hormonal imbalance
  • Certain medications or drugs
  • Infections affecting ovaries or fallopian tubes


Ovarian cysts are formed when follicles that protect and release an egg (ova) do not release its contents along with the egg. In this case, the follicles swell, forming ovarian cysts. Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs that form in the ovaries. They are a common occurrence in women of reproductive age and can be caused by a variety of factors, such as hormonal imbalances, endometriosis, or polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).


  • Changes in the menstrual cycle
  • Intense pelvic pain
  • Abnormal bleeding from the vagina
  • Weight gain
  • Bloating in abdomen
  • Frequent urination
ovarian cyst symptoms


There are various diagnostic imaging tools to identify if there are cysts in your ovary or not; some of these tests include,

  • Ultrasound scan
  • Blood test to further check if the cyst is cancerous or not
  • CT scan: an imaging tool to visualize internal organs through cross-sectional images.
  • MRI: A diagnostic test based on magnetic fields to visualize the inside of your ovary or any other part of the body.

Keep hydrated
Get proper sleep
Eat healthy diet
Rigorous activity
Do not smoke
Avoid caffeinated drinks



Non-surgical treatments for ovarian cysts may include watchful waiting, hormonal birth control pills, or medications to help shrink the cyst. However, these treatments may not be effective for all types of cysts, and surgery may be necessary.

  • NSAIDs (Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) to help with cramps.
  • Birth control hormonal pills for hormonal regulation.


Surgical treatments for ovarian cysts may be recommended if the cyst is large, causing symptoms such as pain or discomfort, or if there is concern that the cyst may be cancerous. Surgical treatments may include:

Laparoscopy: This minimally invasive surgical procedure involves making small incisions in the abdomen and inserting a thin, flexible instrument with a camera into the pelvic area to remove the cyst.

Laparotomy: This is a more invasive surgical procedure that involves making a larger incision in the abdomen to remove the cyst. This procedure is typically used for larger cysts or if cancer is suspected.


Risk factors:

  • Pregnancy
  • Endometriosis
  • Hormonal problems
  • Infections in the pelvic region
  • Complications associated with Ovarian cyst
  • Ovarian torsion
  • Ruptured cysts
  • cancerous cysts


In some cases, ovarian cysts may cause serious health complications like 

  • Ovarian cancer may develop
  • Bleeding or pelvic pain due to rupture of ovarian cysts
  • Twisting of ovarian cyst that can block blood vessels, interrupting the blood supply

ovarian cyst risks and complications


If the ovarian cyst is left untreated, in some cases, it does not create any sort of issue inside the body, or it does not affect the reproductive health of the person. However, most of the time, untreated ovarian cysts may cause the following problems,

  • Severe pain
  • Infertility
  • Formation of multiple cysts, which can rupture inside, causing infections and bleeding, and pain.
  • It disturbs the hormones
  • Irregular periods


The average cost of cyst removal to ovarian cyst is ₹6,000 - ₹16,000. The cost varies from the type of surgical procedure, hospital facilities and cities. 

Financial Options

No Cost EMI



ovarian cyst removal cost


The cost of surgical treatment for ovarian cyst is covered under health insurance.  Most of the time, the insurer will cover a particular amount for the surgery. The insurance coverage for the treatment of ovarian cysts may vary depending on the type of insurance plan and the specific treatment being used. In general, most insurance plans will cover surgical treatments for ovarian cysts if they are medically necessary. However, it is important to check with your insurance provider to understand the specifics of your coverage.

It is important to consult with a healthcare provider if you experience symptoms of an ovarian cyst or have concerns about your ovarian health. They can help determine the best course of treatment for your individual needs.

ovarian cyst treatment insurance plan

Dr. Garlapati Hemasree




4+ Years of Experience

Well versed in

Past Experience : Altius Hospital


Dr. Shilpi Shrivastava

MBBS. MS.- OBS and Gynecology


New Delhi

16+ Years of Experience

Well versed in

Past Experience : HEALTHFIRST


Know more about Ovarian Cyst

Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs that develop in the ovaries. They are relatively common, with many women experiencing at least one ovarian cyst during their lifetime. Most ovarian cysts are benign, meaning they are not cancerous, and many will resolve on their own without any intervention. However, some ovarian cysts can be more serious and require medical attention.

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Frequently Asked Questions

Mostly, the ovarian cysts are harmless and may go away without particular treatment. In very few cases, the may get complicated causing severe pain and affecting a woman’s fertility.

One of the major cause of ovarian cysts is inability of follicles to degenerate after releasing egg. The gets accumulated and swell forming cysts in the ovaries.

Irregular pelvic pain, bloating, and abdominal swelling are some of the symptoms of ovarian cyst.

Ovarian cyst is not usually painful. A women may have pelvic pain due to rupture or blockage of blood supply to the ovaries.

A woman may gace some difficulties if she has a multiple small cysts in the ovaries. They cause irregular menses and affects the hormones involved in various pregnancy related hormones.

If the ovarian cysts is left untreated, it may lead to various health complications like ovaries may get twisted or bleed. It affects the fertility in women causing severe pain and nausea.

The safe size of an ovarian cyst can vary depending on several factors, such as the woman's age, symptoms, and whether the cyst is fluid-filled or solid. Generally, cysts smaller than 5 centimeters are considered to be normal and do not require treatment.

Ovarian cysts can range in size from a few millimeters to several centimeters. Some cysts can grow up to 10 centimeters or more.

A 4 cm ovarian cyst is not considered big, but it may require further monitoring or treatment depending on other factors such as the woman's age, symptoms, and the characteristics of the cyst.