What is Sinusitis

Sinusitis is a condition in which the sinuses become inflamed due to a bacterial or viral infection. The symptoms of sinusitis include a stuffy or runny nose, pain and pressure in the sinus area, fever, and headache.

what is sinusitis


Acute sinusitis

Acute sinusitis is a short-lived condition that usually lasts for a few days or weeks and occurs mostly due to viral infections.

Subacute sinusitis

Subacute sinusitis lasts for a few weeks to a month and is usually caused by bacteria and fungi.

Chronic sinusitis

Chronic sinusitis lasts for more than 12 weeks, and it can be caused by exposure to allergens or irritants, infections, or structural abnormalities.

Recurrent sinusitis

Recurrent sinusitis occurs several times a year and can be caused due to allergies or infections.



  • Viral infections
  • Bacterial infections
  • Fungal infections
  • Allergies


  • Facial pain
  • Headache
  • Nasal congestion
  • Loss of smell
  • Postnasal drip
  • Coughing


Diagnosis of sinusitis usually involves a physical examination, medical history review, and imaging tests such as X-rays, CT scan, and MRI.

Drink plenty of fluids
Use nasal saline sprays
Take pain relievers
Avoid smoking
Avoid consumption of alcohol
Don’t expose yourself to irritants


Non-Surgical Treatments

  • Nasal irrigation: This is an effective way of flushing out the mucus and debris from the sinuses using a saline solution. It helps to decrease inflammation and prevent infection.
  • Antibiotics: In some cases of sinusitis, antibiotics may be prescribed to fight the infection.
  • Decongestants: These are medications that help to relieve the congestion in the nose and sinuses by narrowing the blood vessels in the area. They may be used alone or in combination with other treatments.
  • Steroid sprays: These are nasal sprays that help to reduce inflammation in the nose and sinuses, improving congestion, and facilitating drainage. They are often used in combination with other treatments.

Surgical Treatments

  • Endoscopic sinus surgery: This surgical procedure involves inserting a thin, flexible tube with a camera through the nostril to remove blockages and infected tissue from the sinuses. It is a minimally invasive surgery and is preferred over traditional surgery.
  • Balloon sinuplasty: This is a minimally invasive procedure done to widen the sinus passages using a small balloon catheter. It is a less painful and quicker recovery compared to traditional surgery.
  • Functional endoscopic sinus surgery: This surgery is done to remove the blockage of the sinuses. It helps to improve the drainage of the sinuses by removing excess bone or tissue in the sinus cavity.

Risks and Complications

Risks and complications of sinusitis include the following:- 

  • Recurrent infections: If left untreated, sinusitis can lead to recurrent infections.
  • Spread of infection: The infection can spread to other parts of the body like the eyes, brain, or other areas of the face.
  • Difficulty breathing: Sinusitis can make it difficult to breathe, especially through the nose.
  • Loss of smell: Sinusitis can cause a decrease or loss of sense of smell.
  • Chronic sinusitis: Untreated sinusitis can lead to chronic sinusitis, which can cause long-term symptoms, including congestion, nasal discharge, and loss of sense of smell.
  • Meningitis: Sinusitis can cause meningitis, a serious condition that affects the lining of the brain and spinal cord.
  • Abscess formation: Sinusitis can lead to the formation of abscesses, which are pockets of pus that can cause severe pain and swelling.

If left Untreated

If left untreated, sinusitis can cause severe complications, including the spread of infection, meningitis, vision problems, and abscess formation. In some cases, untreated sinusitis can cause chronic sinusitis, which can result in long-term symptoms, including congestion, nasal discharge, and loss of sense of smell. It is essential to seek medical attention if you have symptoms of sinusitis to prevent complications.


The cost of sinusitis treatment is between 40,000 to 60,000 INR in India. However, the cost of this treatment also depends on the type of surgery, procedure, facilities provided by your chosen hospital, etc.

Financial Options

No Cost EMI



Insurance coverage

Sinusitis treatment is mainly covered under health insurance. Most of the time, the insurer will cover a particular amount for surgical treatment of sinusitis. However, the amount to be covered under insurance depends on the type of policy.

It is important to know that medical treatment for adenoids will not be covered under the insurance policy, it will only cover the cost or expenses of the surgical treatment, but to claim this, you will have to be hospitalized for 24 hours.


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Richa Kumar ...

Sinusitis ( ...

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Richa Kumari


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Dr. Richa Mina

MBBS , ENT/ Otorhinolaryngologist

General Surgeon

New Delhi

18+ Years of Experience

Well versed in Hindi, English

Past Experience : Maharaja Agrasen Hospital


Dr. Prawahar Chilluveru




11+ Years of Experience

Well versed in

Past Experience : Dr.Prawahar Chiluveru's ENT Clinic



Sinusitis is a condition that involves inflammation of the sinuses, which are air-filled cavities located around the nose and eyes. This inflammation can cause a buildup of mucus and lead to symptoms such as congestion, facial pain, and headaches.

Prevention of Sinusitis

To prevent sinusitis, it is important to practice good hygiene, such as washing hands regularly and avoiding close contact with people who are sick. Allergies and other underlying conditions should also be addressed to reduce the risk of sinusitis.

It is important to see a doctor if sinusitis symptoms persist for more than 10 days, or if symptoms worsen over time. In severe cases, sinusitis can lead to complications such as infections of the eyes or brain.

Glamyo Health provides the best and safest options for sinusitis surgery. Fess Surgery, provided by Glamyo Health, is one of the most advanced procedures for improved sinusitis treatment. Know our best ENT doctors and clinics. Contact us to get advanced treatment at affordable prices. 


The four main symptoms of sinusitis are: Sinus headache Pressure and pain around the sinus area (forehead, cheeks, or nose) Nasal congestion and discharge Loss of sense of smell

The main cause of sinusitis is inflammation of the sinus lining due to a viral or bacterial infection, allergies, or structural abnormalities in the sinus.

The treatment of sinusitis includes clearing nasal passages, reducing inflammation, controlling the infection (if bacterial), and managing symptoms. This can be achieved through a combination of remedies such as nasal sprays, decongestants, pain relievers, humidifiers, and sometimes antibiotics.

Sinusitis can be a serious problem if it becomes chronic or spreads to the brain or eyes. It can also cause complications like meningitis, vision problems, or hearing loss in rare cases.

Depending on the underlying cause and severity, sinusitis can be cured with proper treatment and self-care measures like good hygiene, rest, hydration, and avoiding irritants such as cigarette smoke or allergens.

Citrus fruits like oranges, lemons, and grapefruits are rich in vitamin C and can boost immunity and reduce inflammation. Pineapple is also a good source of anti-inflammatory enzymes.

Yes, bananas are safe to eat during sinusitis as they are rich in vitamins and minerals that support the immune system.

Natural remedies that can help treat sinus infections include: Nasal irrigation with a saline solution, Using steam inhalation with essential oils like eucalyptus or peppermint, Applying warm compresses to the affected area, and Drinking plenty of fluids to stay hydrated