Due to the weakness of the muscles, humans have many diseases and problems, hernia is also one of them. When there is a hole in a muscle or tissue and the organ/part inside it starts coming out, then it is called Hernia in medical language.

What is hernia disease?

In the condition of hernia, the muscle or tissue becomes weak and bursts or there is a hole in it and the organ inside it emerges and comes out. Hernia is a common disease that causes pain while walking, running or doing other activities of daily living.

In most cases, it is seen in the abdomen, but it can also occur in the upper part of the thigh, around the navel and groin. Hernias are not fatal in most cases, but they do require treatment. The only treatment for hernia is surgery.

Types of Hernia

There are many types of hernia, but mainly they are divided into five parts. Following are the types of hernia disease:-

1. Inguinal hernia


 In this condition, a hole is made in the lining of the lower abdomen and the intestine of that part comes out.

2. Hiatal hernia


This disease causes GERD (gastroesophageal reflux) due to which stomach contents leak into the esophagus which further causes heartburn.

3. Umbilical hernia


In the condition of this disease, the bulge of the intestine reaches near the navel through the inner layer of the stomach.

4. Incisional hernia


The risk of incisional hernia is higher after abdominal surgery. This can have an effect on the weakened muscles in and around where the incision is made during surgery, which can lead to an incisional hernia.

5. Sports hernia


Sports hernia is caused by the strain and tearing of soft tissue in the lower abdomen and groin.

Top 15 Causes of Hernia Disease

There can be many reasons for hernia. Hernia is mainly due to the weakness of the muscles. The main reasons for the weakening of the muscles may include the following which may lead to hernia in the future :-grow old

  1. getting hurt

2. getting pregnant

3. being fat

3. Smoking

4 being overweight

5. chronic cough

6. having PCOD

7. genetic factors

8. chronic constipation

9. do heavy exercise

10 heavy lifting

11. having multiple pregnancies

12. having cystic fibroids

13. low birth weight baby

14. accumulation of fluid in the abdomen

15. Complications during surgery

Top Symptoms of Hernia

Like other problems, hernia also has some main symptoms that point towards their presence. Symptoms of hernia may include:-bulging of the affected area

Mild pain on touching the affected area

feeling of heaviness in the body

having trouble standing for long periods of time

difficulty passing urine

feeling of puffiness under the skin

loss of fat from any part of the body

Apart from all these, feeling pain in the affected area while getting up, sitting or doing daily activities is also one of the main symptoms of hernia.

Damage from Hernia

There are many disadvantages of hernia. When a piece of intestine or fatty fat becomes trapped in the hernia sac, inflammation occurs and the blood supply to the tissue is cut off. Due to lack of blood supply, tissue starts dying which is called strangulated hernia.

Strangulated hernia can also result in the death of the patient. That is why it requires emergency medical care. Also, if the hernia is large enough, it can displace the stomach and esophagus.

Diagnosis of Hernia

To check for hernia, the doctor does some tests which may include:-

By examining the hernia, the doctor confirms the type and severity of the hernia. After that, start the curing process.

Treatment of Hernia

As we told you above that in some cases hernia treatment is not required. It heals on its own within some time, but when it does not heal on its own then doctors opt for surgery.

Surgery is the only cure for hernia. Hernia symptoms can simply be reduced with the help of lifestyle changes or medicines. During surgery, the doctor removes the hernia. Hernia surgery is performed in two ways which include open surgery and laparoscopic surgery.

Frequently Asked Question For Hernia Disease

Hernia is treated through surgery. There are two types of hernia surgery – first open surgery and second laparoscopic surgery. In open surgery, the patient is asked to take rest for 6 months. In this, a person cannot do any physical activity for 6 months

How is hernia in women?

Obese women are more prone to hernia.

Where is the pain of hernia?

In most cases, hernia is found in the abdomen. There is heaviness and pain in the stomach due to hernia.

Can hernia cause death?

In many cases it becomes so necessary to treat it that if the treatment is not done on time then the death of the patient can also happen.

In how many days does hernia heal?

Patient can return to his normal activities within 1 to 2 weeks. Hard exercise or weight work should wait for 3-4 weeks.

What should we avoid in hernia?

If you are experiencing hernia symptoms, do not consume foods that are rich in fat. Avoid red and processed meats, high-fat dairy products, fried foods, and foods with hydrogenated oils.

Hernia surgery can be done in two ways, first- laparoscopic surgery and second- open surgery. If the laparoscopic procedure is selected for the operation , then it takes about 50 thousand to 80 thousand rupees, while the treatment with open surgery takes 55 thousand to 2.6 lakh rupees

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