In this blog, let’s learn in detail about Kidney Stones. We got wonderful blessings by keeping our body healthy and hygienic, by staying not only hydrated but updated about the specific ailment we are dealing with.
From understanding the symptoms, causes, types, signs, treatment, surgery, diagnosis, consequences, risks, complications and doctor consultation, we will get a brief sketch about kidney stones and can bravely prevent or face it.
What is a Kidney Stone?
Kidney stones, in simple terms, are stones that are made up of hard mass or mineral and salt substances and are found in kidneys. These substances are insoluble compounds which result in severe pain, pain especially while urinating.
Renal stones if causing pain and are identified, need immediate care to save the patient from undergoing immense pain or serious complications. To ensure this, let’s first understand its causes and symptoms, followed by treatment and surgery.
How common are kidney stones?
If we range from babies to old aged people, we can gather that Kidney stones are found in three significant levels; very rare, rare and commonly found.
Where the age group till children, it is found very rarely, among teenagers, it is found rarely and from the young adults to the seniors, you can see most cases of renal stones.
What causes kidney stones
No ailment comes without a reason for its birth and no ailment goes away without you consciously taking precautions or preventive measures. Kidney stones can bring birth through multiple factors underlying the urinary tract area.
What causes kidney stones often consists of any of the factors such as drinking less or excessive amounts of water, unwanted weight gain, exercising less or extremely, excessive intake of sugar or salt in regular meals and family history too plays a significant role in its occurrence.
Types of kidney stones
Know the types to get it cleansed deep-rooted. Kidney stones are significantly studied under four types. Learning about each can help you find its exact cause, that too, more accurately.
These are the most common form of kidney stones often found in most cases and are formed from calcium oxalate. An oxalate is formed on its own through your liver or the daily diet that you intake.
Diets that contain this oxalate are selective chocolates, nuts, fruits and vegetables. Though it can range from low to high in its content in each.
Also, in certain metabolic conditions, these stones can occur in a form of calcium phosphate or might even relate to some medicinal conditions.
These stones are simply the result of various infections detected in the urinary tract area. A struvite stone can rapidly grow in shape and size. Also, at times these occur with silent features and no warning signs.
Uric acid stones
Genetic factors are noted as an essential factor resulting in the formation of the risks uric and stones can bring. Also, it can be a cause of too much fluid loss due to diarrhoea.
Cystine stones are common
Cases in those who have hereditary disorders. This results in exerting amino acids in high amounts in the kidney.
Signs and Symptoms: kidney stone
It is good news for everyone that the medical team and researchers have been able to prepare a list of significant signs and symptoms that can be read, understood and remembered in case of occurrence of this ailment. Noteworthy Kidney Stones symptoms are as follows.
- 1. Feeling mild or severe pain, especially in your back or at any side of your body. ● While passing urine or stool if you see blood.
- 2. If you feel pain, pressure or burning sensations while urinating
- 3. Feeling bloated or having abdominal pain and vomiting, having chills or fever along with some pain.
- 4. Rushing for urinating frequently.
- 5. Sensing bad smell while passing urine.
Kidney stone treatment
In case of experiencing crystallised stones formation in your kidney. Don’t worry, relax and follow the following steps.
- 1. Increase water intake You are advised to drink at least 8 glasses of water to have a healthy regulation of urine, cleanse your body and save you from kidney stones.
- 2. Painkillers and medicines Sometimes, mild pain can be cured through painkillers available in any pharmacy.
- 3. Medical support At times, when the first two options are not releasing stone, consult a doctor. Doctors will guide you accurately to take proper medication.
If any of the others won’t help, with a doctor consultation, you can also undergo Kidney stone removal surgery.
Diagnosis of Kidney stone
Before a kidney stone surgery, the patient might be asked to undergo certain diagnostic and customary scanning or tests.
This is a basic requirement before final surgery. It highlights the amount of uric acid or calcium in the blood. A blood test is an initial step for the doctor to know the exact condition of your kidney and the overall health of your body.
This test might be performed for two consecutive days. It will help in determining the amount of urine forming, less or more.
A scanning shows a definite inside view of the size, shape and type of the stone formed. For this, a CT scan or ultrasound is a favourable option as general X-rays are not much reliable.
Analysis of stools passed
This test might also be included in your diagnosis by the doctor to sketch a proper plan to prevent more stones from forming and study the already formed ones.
Kidney stone removal surgery procedure
An expert surgeon or a urologist can be a perfect one to take up the task of successfully doing the stone removal surgery. The patient will be given anaesthesia for painless surgery.
The doctor will start by making a deep incision cut at the back side, breaking the stones into minimised size, which can be achieved through the popular shock wave lithotripsy.
For this, the doctor will use cystoscopy and ureteroscopy to have a look inside and navigate the stones and capture images respectively.
Once the doctors navigate the stones, depending on the size, he will either remove or crush the stones into smaller pieces. Also, recent developments call for use of lasers too.
Later, when the stones are removed, the doctor might send forward the stones to the lab to understand the type. This, the procedure reaches the last stage. In some cases, the surgeon might keep the stent connected to the urinary tract.
Why do doctors examine the contents of the stone?
The simple reason for doctors examining the content of the stone is for a deep understanding of the formation of stone. Since different stones are made up of different components.
Long-term consequences of kidney stones
Sometimes, when the stones are larger, they can create prolonged consequences and become life-threatening for the patient. Stones larger in size might even get stuck in the urinary tract and stop the passage of urine. Also, this could result in infecting other parts of the urinary tract.
Today, one can prevent it by learning in detail about the disease, following guided methods and taking action without a delay. These preventions can be either home remedies or surgery in some cases.
Reducing kidney stone risk or pass within 24 hours
The best way to reduce kidney stone risks is to prevent them from forming and causing pain. This can be done through natural care, like drinking sufficient water, avoiding foods that mostly create it and trying herbs, exercises and natural remedies at home to keep it in control. In other words, diet control is the best way to strengthen your overall health.
Can children get kidney stones?
Usually, stones form in adults only. But, it can form in younger kids to babies as well. Since most of these stones are the result of nutrition or diet intake, it is advisable to give your babies or children a diet that is healthy and full of nutrition.
There can be a series of risk factors which become the cause of one or the other medical illness. But, you need not worry. There is always a way to get rid of these ailments if you consciously take care of them.
Linked with family
If your family holds a history of Kidney stones problem. If you have already experienced a few stones, you might be at risk of developing it.
What can increase the risk of developing kidney stones is the lack of water intake. Water is the richness that keeps everyone hydrated.
High in protein diets can too be a matter to keep in mind, Diet changes like adding more sugar or salt in your meals prove to be a risk factor.
Imbalance in your weight such as excessive weight gain is a risk factor.
Depending on your past issues associated with stomach, indigestion, or digestive system, if you have been facing complications, it can connect to Kidney stones.
Multiple ailments in the body can be related to causing risk to your kidney’s health and well.
Many of the medications prescribed are heavy dosage medications. If you don’t take it as prescribed or the medications are related to some mental issues, this can equally cause a lot of risks.
Most common Kidney Stone complications include various infections, ureter failure or ureter blockage. The blockage often happens due to pieces of stones that block the way to easily pass the waste.
To stay secure and take preventive measures, the patient can do so by drinking a good amount of water, exercising and eating nutritious foods in the right amount. Most importantly, whatever needs to follow, don’t follow excessively.
Next, if it is not dissolving the stones and causing pain, the patient can take different available painkillers or as per the condition, a doctor’s consultation and undergoing surgery is a suited way.
When should I talk to my doctor about kidney stones?
During the kidney stone crystallising within the kidneys, you might start to sense a lot of discomfort and severe pain. It is advisable that if you are facing any of the significant, minor or major symptoms of renal stones, you must schedule an appointment with the respective doctor.
Why choose Glamyo Health for kidney stones Treatment
Glamyo Health has sorted everything smoothly for its patients. For your safe and secure Kidney Stone treatment,
It provides a plethora of options. It includes a medical coordinator to help you with all the arrangements from doctor consultation to the best hospital and cab facility for the day of surgery.
Along with it, the patient will receive extra benefits. The cost of surgery provided is half the price to be found elsewhere. Your worries are ensured to now be in the right hands.
Frequently Asked Questions
What are the 3 signs of kidney stones?
Three of the noteworthy signs of kidney stones are severe back pain or side pain, problems associated with passing urine and feeling ill due to vomiting or fever.
What is the main cause of kidney stones?
The main cause of renal stones are infections in the urinary tract or kidney, excessive or too less amount of drinking water, exercising or intaking food and sometimes, family’s medical history too can be a part of stones problem in people.
I think I have a stone. What should I do?
In the case where you feel having stones, you can opt for various treatment options. Initially, you can treat the condition at home by drinking plenty of water, having healthy food and avoiding excess anything.
If the parent has a kidney stone, do kids also develop it?
In general, children rarely get kidney stones. Also, in the case of spreading it because of heredity, it has not yet been a case. So, it is not a compulsion that if one of the parents has kidney stones, the child will have it.
Damage risk of kidneys due to kidney stones?
A kidney stone can sometimes reach the point of kidney failure or damage. This could be due to blockage in the kidney, or some infections which are not cured. But, at the same time, this occurs rarely as there are good ways available to ensure that such circumstances won’t occur.
Initially, you can start with drinking a good amount of water to keep your kidneys healthy, balance the intake of salt and sugar, maintain a regular exercise schedule and have plenty of nutritious fruits and vegetables.
My stone has not passed. Do I need surgery?
Usually, a stone that is small in size, passes through urine in natural ways. But, in cases where the size of the stone is large and causes pain while urinating, it is advised to get it removed through safe available surgical options and done by expert doctors.
What happens if I keep developing stones?
In a condition where your kidney repetitively experiences stones, it can cause swelling to the area, create complications while urinating and the ureter might spasm, this could be very painful if not corrected in time.