• 1. Weak or damaged valves may be the cause of varicose veins. All parts of the body are supplied with blood through arteries. Blood vessels from various body organs transport blood back to the heart. Leg veins must defy gravity in order to send the heart’s blood to it.
  • 2. Elastic vein walls and tensed muscles in the calf muscles assist circulation in recirculating the heart. In the event that these closures are weak or broken, blood may drain retrograde and accumulate in the veins, stretching or twisting the veins as a result.


A person may not need treatment if they experience no indications or discomfort and don’t mind having varicose veins on display. The majority of varicose vein sufferers can find enough comfort in simple home therapies like compression stockings.

However, if a person’s symptoms do not go away quickly, they could need medical attention to relieve their pain or suffering or to deal with any side effects, including leg ulcers, discolored skin, or swelling.

Some people could also want therapy to get rid of their “ugly” varicose veins for cosmetic reasons.

Risk Factors

Varicose veins can become more likely to develop as a result of the following:

  • 1. Maturity level. Age causes the blood flow-regulating vein valves to degrade. Once the valves have worn down enough, some blood can eventually continue to flow into the veins and collect there.
  • 2. Sex. The illness seems to affect women more often. Due to the tendency of female hormones to relax vein walls, hormonal fluctuations before a menstrual cycle, during pregnancy, or during menopause may be a contributing factor. Varicose veins may be made more likely by hormone therapies like birth control pills.
  • 3. Pregnancy. The body’s blood volume rises during pregnancy. Although it may also cause the arteries in the legs to expand, this alteration assists the developing fetus.
  • 4. Obesity. Veins are under additional strain if you are overweight.
  • 5. Spend a lot of time sitting or standing. Blood flow is aided by movement.


Large varicose veins might need to be surgically removed. Generally speaking, general anesthesia is used for this. It is common for patients to be able to leave the hospital on the same day they arrive. They might need to stay in the hospital for one night if surgery is necessary for both legs.

  • 1. Smaller veins and spider veins are frequently treated with lasers. The vein is exposed to powerful light bursts, which cause the vein to progressively dissolve.
  • 2. Sclerotherapy. A doctor can scar and seal varicose veins by injecting medication or foamy into them. A few weeks should pass before cured varicose veins disappear. An injection into the same vein may need to be repeated. Sclerotherapy can be performed at a doctor’s office without the use of an anesthetic.
  • 3. Laser therapy Strong light pulses from laser therapy cause the vein to slowly deteriorate and vanish. There are no punctures or injections.
  • 4. Techniques utilizing a catheter and radiofrequency or laser radiation. The primary method of treating bigger varicose veins is this operation. A medical professional places a catheter—a tiny tube—into an expanded vein and uses laser or radiofrequency energy to warm the catheter’s tip. The heat causes the vein to compress and seal shut, destroying it when the catheter is removed.
  • 5. Vein stripping and high ligation. In this treatment, a vein is tied off just before it merges with a deep vein, and then it is cut out and removed. The higher amounts of blood are handled by deeper veins in the leg; therefore, eliminating the vein won’t stop blood flow in the leg.
  • 6. In-office phlebectomy (fluh-BEK-tuh-me). A healthcare professional uses a series of microscopic skin punctures to remove smaller varicose veins. A local anesthetic is applied only to the punctured areas of the leg during this outpatient procedure. Scarring is typically not severe.

Frequently Asked Questions:

Which vitamin is the culprit for varicose veins?

According to studies, having insufficient amounts of vitamin K may raise the risk of getting varicose veins. Vitamin K is available in two forms: K1 and K2. The former is widely available in vegetables like broccoli, lettuce, and spinach, whilst the latter is predominantly present in meaty and fermented dairy products like natto and cheese.

Which drug is most effective for varicose veins?

Sodium tetradecyl sulphate and Asclera (polidocanol) are the two most often utilized sclerosants for varicose veins. Both can be administered intravenously as microfoam or a solution. The likelihood that the medication may move throughout the bloodstream and harm additional blood vessels is reduced by foam sclerotherapy.

How can coffee affect varicose veins?

Whether you have varicose veins now or are at risk of getting them in the future, caffeine use can affect the health of your veins. How does this happen, though? Blood arteries might narrow, and blood pressure can rise as a result of caffeine. Your veins may become more stressed if your blood pressure is elevated for a long time.

Can varicose veins be a result of lack of sleep?

In conclusion, there is no simple explanation for how sleep influences varicose veins because every patient has a unique symptomology. On the one hand, your body cannot heal or perform at its best without enough sleep, and it cannot worsen varicosity.

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