Do you have any swelling or pain in your legs? Many persons with varicose veins speak of leg pain, which is characterized as tingling or aching. Varicose veins may not always swell to the surface; they can also be undetected and lie deep within the body. As a result, some patients suffer from pain and anguish for long before finding the cause. 

Varicose veins can show no symptoms and various indications at other times. But how can you know that the discomfort, swelling, and skin discoloration are all varicose veins symptoms? This page provides comprehensive information on the signs and symptoms of varicose veins.

What are Varicose Veins Symptoms?

Varicose veins may not always be painful. So, it can sometimes be confusing for the patients to detect the issue. However, the disease’s symptoms can be the best option to detect whether you suffer from varicose veins issues. Some of the main varicose vein symptoms include:

  • 1. Veins of dark blue or purple.
  • 2. Veins that seem twisted and swollen, frequently resembling cables on the legs

6 Symptoms of Varicose Veins

You must be aware of some other essential 6 varicose veins symptoms. So, let’s begin knowing them.

  • 1. Vein enlargement:  Bulging, twisted, rope-like veins are frequently dark purple or blue in color. They occur beneath the skin’s surface on the ankles, feet, and legs. They can form in groups. Adjacent to these, some small blue or red lines (spider veins) may emerge.
  • 2. Heavy Legs: Leg muscles may feel tired, sluggish, or heavy, particularly after strenuous exertion.
  • 3. Itching:  Itching may occur near varicose veins.
  • 4. Pain:  Legs might be uncomfortable, achy, or sore, particularly behind the knees. You may experience muscular cramping.
  • 5. Swelling:  It is another early stage varicose veins symptoms that possibly appear in the feet, ankles, and legs to enlarge and ache.
  • 6. Ulcers and skin discolorations:  Varicose veins can create dark discolorations on the skin if not treated well on time. Extreme varicose veins may lead to skin ulcers or venous ulcers.

Varicose Veins Cancer Symptoms

There is no evidence that varicose veins cause cancer. But, if you are getting treatment for cancer, you must be aware of how such therapies may affect overall vein health, especially when you experience varicose veins. The patients suffering from the issue are probably familiar with the signs and symptoms of varicose veins. It may cause unpleasant sensations of discomfort, swelling, stiffness, tiredness, and stinging, and also the bulging and occasionally ugly gnarls of purple and blue veins on the feet and legs.

However, not all people recognize that varicose veins might indicate more serious problems with the vascular system. People with varicose veins are more likely to suffer from major medical conditions like DVT (deep vein thrombosis). Sadly, DVTs are an unwanted side effect of cancer therapies, and they can be fatal if the clot deviates and deposits in the lungs, resulting in a PE (pulmonary embolism). Both varicose veins and cancer increase the likelihood of having a blood clot. So, patients suffering from varicose veins and also diagnosed with the severe illness of cancer must be aware of the implications of PE and DVT.

Varicose Veins in Testicles Symptoms

Varicose veins in the testicles, also known as varicocele, are an expansion of the veins inside the testicles. It is similar to the appearance of varicose veins present within the legs.   Varicocele is normally harmless; however, it can be connected with reproductive issues, leading to low sperm count and poor sperm quality.

Because it usually causes varicose veins symptoms, it is usual for a man to be unaware of its presence until it causes reproductive issues or is discovered during a regular medical check. When early stage varicose veins symptoms emerge, they typically manifest as a mild aching or stiffness in the testicle that worsens over the day, especially in warmer temperatures or after physical effort.

Symptoms Of Varicose Veins in Feet

Typical varicose veins symptoms in feet include the following:

  • 1. Painful and unpleasant feet
  • 2. Swelling
  • 3. Burning or throbbing sensation
  • 4. Spasms in the muscles, especially at night
  • 5. Itchiness in the afflicted area
  • 6. Skin discoloration
  • 7. Heavy feet

Symptoms are most severe in warm temperatures, late in the day, or after standing for a considerable timeframe.

When to worry About Varicose Veins?

If you notice an upsurge in swelling or discomfort in the legs, this might indicate something dangerous, notably if the signs and symptoms of varicose veins appear unexpectedly. Another indicator that the symptoms intensify is if the skin gets discolored, red or brown, and warm or unpleasant. A change in skin color can be induced by persistent inflammation due to high venous pressure. It may initially seem red, but the skin might turn brown with time. This might indicate phlebitis, characterized by blood clotting in a vein.

The best solution to such issues is leg elevation and direct compression. These solutions can help you to control the accompanying surge of blood. Consult a vein specialist about the veins because this might be a major condition. Get urgent medical treatment if there is considerable bleeding or if the bleeding somehow doesn’t halt.

Pelvic/ Uterus Varicose Veins Symptoms

PCS or Pelvic congestion syndrome is a serious illness that arises when varicose veins grow in the pelvic area beneath the abdomen. Varicose veins are bulging, distorted, and extended veins caused by inadequate vein functioning. The condition frequently produces persistent dull discomfort in the pelvic area, which intensifies with different times and settings. Apart from pain and discomfort, other signs and symptoms of varicose veins are:

  • 1. Dysmenorrhea or painful menstruation
  • 2. Irregular menstrual bleeding
  • 3. Backache
  • 4. Depression
  • 5. Weariness
  • 6. Presence of varicose veins throughout the legs, vulva, and buttocks.
  • 7. Unusual vaginal discharge
  • 8. Vaginal or vulval edoema
  • 9. Abdominal sensitivity
  • 10. Increase in urination
  • 11. Irritable bowel syndrome symptoms
  • 12. Hip ache
  • 13. Pelvic bloating and discomfort
  • 14. Aching or pain after intercourse

Blood Clot Varicose Veins Symptoms  

A one-way valve within the veins maintains blood pumping to the heart from the legs. When such valves fail to function properly, blood accumulates within the legs, and pressure increases. Veins become weakened, twisted, and enlarged. Varicose veins warn of potential blood clot formation because valves inside the veins flowing out of the legs refuse to function correctly. This leads to blood pooling and bulge in the diseased vein, resulting in varicose veins.

When the blood accumulates due to circulation problems, platelets seem to be more prone to clump together and form clotting. A varicose vein on the exterior indicates that blood clots are growing further on the inside. The following are the most frequent varicose veins symptoms of a blood clot:

  • 1. Being incapable of moving body parts owing to discomfort, particularly if other signs are absent.
  • 2. A strong burning feeling in one or more parts of your body.
  • 3. Sweating excessively in one or maybe more parts of the body.
  • 4. A sudden sensation of warmth in a specific part of the body.
  • 5. Feeling dizzy or fainting from itching.

Reasons For Varicose Veins

Varicose veins can be a hereditary disorder, and additional variables that might raise vein pressure and induces varicose veins entail the following:

  • 1. Damaged or weak valves
  • 2. Obesity or being overweight
  • 3. Increasing age
  • 4. Inactiveness
  • 5. Leg ailment
  • 6. Pregnancy
  • 7. Smoking
  • 8. Using contraception pills
  • 9. Wearing tight clothes
  • 10. Undertaking any hormone replacement therapy

First Sign of Varicose Veins

You may observe certain signs that point to vein issues before the emergence of varicose veins. Some of the early stage varicose veins symptoms are as follows:

  • 1. Foot swelling:  If you notice ankles and feet swelling, this might suggest that you have varicose veins. If it occurs only once, you might not have to be concerned. But, if the swelling appears frequently, this is an early indication.
  • 2. Leg pain:  Leg pain after walking and other physical actions might be an early warning sign. People with cramps and painful legs after exercise are more susceptible to developing varicose veins.
  • 3. Lower leg blemishes:  Another early stage varicose veins symptoms are red areas on the lower legs. These stains may indicate that blood vessels within the legs have deteriorated and ruptured.
  • 4. Shiny Legs: Some people perceive an abnormal sheen or an unusual coloring on the skin’s surface of the legs before the swelling or bulging of varicose veins develops.

Complications in Varicose Veins

The complications of varicose vein might include the following:

  • 1. Ulcers:  Unpleasant ulcers can occur on the skin around varicose veins, preferably around the ankles. A darkened mark frequently appears before forming an ulcer on the skin. If you suspect a leg ulcer, consult your doctor immediately.
  • 2. Bleeding:  Sometimes, the veins surrounding the skin may rupture. However, this normally only results in little bleeding. It needs medical treatment.
  • 3. Blood Clotting:  Veins in the legs can sometimes become swollen, causing leg discomfort and edoema. Consult a doctor for medical assistance if you have prolonged leg discomfort or swelling since this might be a symptom of blood clotting.

Some other potential complications of varicose veins are skin burns, nerve injury, scarring, thrombosis, etc.  

Treating and Preventing Varicose Veins

You cannot avoid varicose veins, but you can lower your likelihood of acquiring them by leading a vibrant and healthy lifestyle. Healthcare experts recommend some preventive and treatment methods for varicose veins. These are:

  • 1. Taking enough breaks to relax and move about increases blood flow, particularly if you are in a profession that needs you to exert or stand for a longer time.
  • 2. Move about regularly and neglect sitting for lengthy periods to enhance circulation.
  • 3. Losing weight lowers the pressure within your blood vessels.
  • 4. Give up smoking because it destroys blood vessels, reduces blood flow, and promotes various health issues.
  • 5. Elevating the feet over your waist improves blood circulation to your heart.
  • 6. Supportive and compression stockings can improve blood circulation, preventing varicose veins from worsening.
  • 7. Wearing perfectly fit garments can improve blood circulation and help you prevent issues.
  • 8. Stop wearing high heels.
  • 9. Start consuming a fiber-rich and low-salt diet.


The doctors do not treat varicose veins as a dangerous ailment until it causes any discomfort. Furthermore, patients must seek immediate medical attention for a better cure if they cause varicose veins symptoms such as pain, irritation, or inflammation, especially at night. Also, some preventive measures to avoid any complications or severity of the ailment.

Frequently Asked Questions

When should you worry about varicose veins?

When people with varicose veins experience blood clotting, bleeding, ulcer, or any other severe situation, they must worry. If any of these or a combination of these signs and symptoms of varicose veins appears, consider getting a medical consultant.

What happens if varicose veins are left untreated?

The varicose veins might lead to bleeding, ulcers, and skin discoloration if left untreated. Moreover, prominent varicose veins might indicate chronic venous inadequacy.

Which are the first symptoms of varicose veins?

The first varicose veins symptoms are swelling and pain in the legs.

Is walking good for varicose veins?

Walking is extremely advantageous for individuals suffering from varicose veins because it is a low-impact activity. However, the doctors advise them to avoid standing or walking for longer to avoid the ailment’s severity.

When should I call the doctor?

Whenever the varicose veins cause unbearable and persistent pain, itching or irritation, and discomfort, patients must consult medical help.

How do varicose veins start?

Varicose veins are formed by weaker valves, which enable blood to accumulate within the veins rather than move to the heart.

Where do the Varicose Veins occur?

Varicose veins are bulging, distorted blood vessels that bulge right beneath the skin’s surface. These purple and blue bulges most commonly occur in the ankles, feet, and legs.

How do I know if I have a blood clot in my varicose vein?

The most typical varicose veins symptoms of a blood clot involve the incapability of moving body parts owing to discomfort, particularly when other signs are absent.

Can varicose veins be life-threatening?

Varicose veins are generally not hazardous, or life threatening and do not create long-term medical problems. Most persons with the problem are worried about the appearance of their varicose veins. The issue may be uncomfortable but does not cause complications.

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