High blood pressure is a general condition where the long-term force of the blood against the walls of the artery is high enough, which may lead to health problems like heart disease, including essential hypertension. Before treating high blood pressure, let’s know about the types of high blood pressure or hypertension. 

There are different types of high blood pressure, but these two types are mostly found in people.

Essential/Primary Hypertension

After visiting the doctor three or more times, the doctor identified that your blood pressure is high. Generally, it has no symptoms, but doctors can identify this condition with frequent headaches, fatigue, blind spots/double vision, nausea, and a nose bleed.

The exact cause is unknown, but researchers say that their family history, genetics, overweight, and improper diet play a role in essential hypertension. In simple words, we can say that we are unaware of the cause of hypertension and the reasons behind it are unknown.

Secondary Hypertension

The abnormality found in the arteries that supply blood to the kidneys could cause this type,, i.e. secondary hypertension. Other causes are sleep apnea, adrenal gland tumours, hormonal changes, thyroid disease, and high diet consumption of sodium/saltdiet. Medicines could also be the reason for it, like over-the-counter drugs (OTC)-ibuprofen and pseudoephedrine. But the good thing is that if we know about this condition,, we can diagnose it.

These are additional types which can be found in some percentage of people.

Isolated Systolic Hypertension

As blood pressure is recorded in two numbers, i.e.upper or a first number and the second one is the lower and second. The first and upper number is systolic pressure, which indicates the pressure exerted by the heart. The second and lower number is diastolic pressure, which indicates the pressure resting between the heartbeats. Generally, normal blood pressure is 120/80. But in Isolated systolic hypertension, the first number goes higher from 140, and the lower number is less than 90. This condition is mostly found in old people over 65 whose arteries have lost their elasticity. Systolic pressure is more important in maintaining cardiovascular health than diastolic pressure.

Malignant Hypertension

This can happen to only 1% of the people and is found in African-American people and women who have pregnancy toxaemia. In this, blood pressure rises quickly. Diastolic pressure, which is a lower number, goes upto 130 then malignant hypertension. It is only treated in the hospital; their symptoms are numbness in the arm and legs, pain in the chest and headaches.

Resistant Hypertension

It happens to 20-30% of people, and the doctor identifies it as the doctor prescribes the medicine two or three times. However, if the blood pressure is too high, you have resistant hypertension. It is due to genetic conditions and is mostly found in obese, older, female, American-African people or in the person who has diabetes or kidney disease. 

Medical Treatment of High Blood Pressure

  • 1. Diuretics
  • 2. Beta-blockers
  • 3. Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors
  • 4. Angiotensin II receptor
  • 5. Calcium-channel blocker
  • 6. Alpha-blockers
  • 7. Centrally acting drugs
  • 8. Vasodilators
  • 9. Renin-inhibitors
  •  

These medicines can be taken to treat high blood pressure as per the doctor’s consultation, and it is also helpful in preventing heart problems, stroke, and chronic kidney disease.

Injections For High Blood Pressure Treatment

Hydralazine injection is useful in controlling high blood pressure. High BP makes a powerful impact on the heart, and if it is for a long time, then it affects the functioning of the heart and arteries and damages to blood vessels of the kidney, brain, and heart. Lowering blood pressure will help to control these risks.

HHydralazine will help the body relax the blood vessels, increase the amount of oxygen in the blood, supply it to the heart, and reduce the workload. Similarly, this injection can only be taken by doctor consultation.

Frequently Asked Questions

Can lying down help in controlling high blood pressure?

Yes, you should lie down if your blood pressure is high, as it will help in decreasing your blood pressure, and it has also been found that blood pressure is normally about 20% lower while sleeping. 

What is the permanent cure for high blood pressure?

There is no way to cure or treat high blood pressure. However, treatments and medications can help in decreasing the level of blood pressure that is too high.

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