A hernia is a condition in which an organ, such as the intestine or bladder, protrudes through an opening in your abdominal wall. A hernia may appear as a lump that can be felt through the skin. Hernias are common and can be very painful. The most common type of hernia is a groin hernia, followed by umbilical and inguinal (groin) hernias. A hernia is a hole in this muscle wall. The hole can be large or small. Sometimes a piece of fatty tissue or another organ will bulge through the hole into the space around your abdominal cavity. Types of Hernia.

The abdominal cavity is the part of your body that holds your stomach, liver, pancreas, small intestine and other organs. A wall of muscles surrounds your abdominal cavity. A layer of fat separates the two layers of this muscular wall.

When one or more layers in this wall get damaged or weakened, it can allow contents from the abdomen to move into another part of the body through an opening called a hernia. This causes what’s known as an inguinal hernia.

This article will discuss the different types of hernias and their symptoms.

Inguinal Hernia

If you have an inguinal hernia, you may be wondering what it means to have this condition. In this article, we will explain what an inguinal hernia is and the causes of inguinal hernias.

Inguinal Hernia Symptoms:

  • 1. Pain or discomfort in the groin area
  • 2. A bulge or a lump where the testicle descends into the scrotum

What Causes An Inguinal Hernia?

There are two types of inguinal hernias: indirect and direct. Indirect inguinal hernias occur when part of your intestine pushes through a weak spot in your abdominal wall, which is located just above where your thigh meets your abdomen. It’s common for boys to develop indirect inguinal hernias before puberty because their abdominal muscles aren’t developed; however, they can also occur in adults with weakened abdominal walls and those who are overweight. Direct inguinal hernias happen when an organ bulges through an opening on its side of the muscle wall (like with an appendix).

Umbilical Hernia

Umbilical hernias are the most common type of hernia. In this condition, fat or part of the intestine bulges through a weak spot in your abdominal muscles.

This weakness can occur at any age but is more likely to happen as you get older. Umbilical hernias are more common in boys than girls and are usually present at birth.

Incisional Hernia

An incisional hernia is an opening in the abdominal wall that allows part of the intestine to move through. Incisional hernias are usually caused by previous surgery. They can occur at any location on the abdomen and may have several openings or sinuses.

Incisional hernias typically cause symptoms when they grow larger, but some smaller ones may not cause any symptoms at all. Symptoms may include:

  • 1. Pain near your scar
  • 2. A bulge under your skin where you had surgery
  • 3. Swelling of your abdomen

Epigastric Hernia

An epigastric hernia is a type of hernia that occurs in the upper abdomen. Epigastric hernias are common and usually caused by an injury to the abdominal wall.

Epigastric Hernia can be divided into two types: indirect and direct. In both cases, it is caused by a tear in the muscle layer covering your abdominal cavity (called the transversalis fascia). This tear allows part of your intestine to push through this opening into your chest cavity (called a thoracic cavity), causing a bulge on one side of your abdomen or another area where you feel discomfort.

Diaphragmatic Hernia

A diaphragmatic hernia is a hole in the diaphragm, the muscle that separates the chest from the abdomen. Diaphragmatic hernias can occur in adults or children and can cause life-threatening breathing problems.

There are different types of diaphragmatic hernias:

  • 1. Hiatal Hernia – This type of hernia forms when part of your stomach pushes through an opening in your diaphragm (the muscle separating your chest from your abdomen). The result is an esophageal hiatus at this point where there should not be one. These types of hernias often cause symptoms such as heartburn and acid reflux esophagitis (inflammation of the esophagus). They may also result in nausea, vomiting, or regurgitation after eating meals containing large amounts of fatty or fried foods. If left untreated over time, they may require treatment via surgery which will close off this opening so that food no longer passes through it into empty spaces within our abdominal cavity behind our lungs where they should not go!

Femoral Hernia

Femoral hernias are all caused by a weak point in the muscle wall, usually near the groin. This weak point is called a hiatus. A femoral hernia occurs when fat or intestinal tissue pushes through this area and bulges into the groin area. This can be painful and cause swelling in your groin as well as pain while walking or sitting down. There are two types of femoral hernia: indirect and direct.

Indirect Femoral Hernia: The indirect femoral hernia occurs when there is an opening between the abdomen and thigh muscles (the rectus abdominis muscles).

Direct Femoral Hernia: The direct femoral hernia occurs when tissues from inside your body bulge out through this opening instead of fat or intestine.

Spigelian Hernia

The Spigelian hernia is a rare type of hernia that occurs when part of the intestine protrudes through a hole in the abdominal muscle wall into the scrotum. It is usually present at birth and has been described as congenital. Spigelian hernias are more common in males than females, with ratios ranging from 2:1 to 12:1, depending on the study population. They most commonly occur during childhood, although they can be found at any age after puberty.

Groin Hernia

A groin hernia is a common type of hernia. It occurs in the groin region, which is in between the hips and thighs. Groin hernia often develops from straining during childbirth or other strenuous activities.

Hernias are caused by weakness in the abdominal wall muscles that support your internal organs. In some cases, a hernia can be repaired with surgery, but most people will need to have lifelong treatment for this condition.

There are many different types of hernia. Some are more common than others.

There are many different types of hernia. Some are more common than others. The most common type of hernia is inguinal, which occurs just below the waistband of pants in men and women. It usually develops during childhood for reasons that are not well understood, but it can also be caused by an underlying condition such as Crohn’s disease or an abdominal wall tumor. The second most common type of hernia occurs around the belly button (umbilical). Hernias can also develop in other parts of your abdomen, including your incision after surgery to repair another kind of abdominal injury (incisional), your diaphragm between the chest cavity and abdomen (diaphragmatic), and any other place where there is muscle weakness (Spigelian).

The groin area is an especially common location for these types because it’s home to several kinds of muscles, including those responsible for flexing our knees toward our bodies when we walk upright – which makes them prone to wear-and-tear injuries like chronic strains caused by excessive exercise or heavy lifting over time without proper rest periods between workouts/lifting sessions.”


The hernia is a common problem that affects millions of people every year. The good news is that there are many ways to treat this condition, from surgery or nonsurgical methods. If you think you may have a hernia and want more information about treatment options, contact our office today!

Frequently Asked Questions

What is a Hernia?

A hernia is a condition in which an organ (most often the intestine) protrudes through an opening in the muscle wall of the abdomen. A hernia may happen because of weakness in the muscles or tissue that normally hold organs in place or because of pressure on those tissues from an enlarged organ like your uterus during pregnancy.

What are the symptoms of a hernia?

The most common symptom of a hernia is a pain in your groin, abdomen or lower back area. You may also notice swelling and an inability to do daily activities like getting dressed or going to work.

How do I know if I need surgery for my hernia?

If your hernia is small or unnoticeable, you may not need surgery right away. Your doctor will likely monitor your progress to see if symptoms get worse. If they do, surgery may be recommended. If your hernia is large enough to cause pain and discomfort or starts to affect the quality of your life, then you should talk with a surgeon about treatment options.

When should I see a doctor about my hernia?

You should see a doctor if you have a bulge or lump in your abdomen that doesn’t go away. It could be a hernia. You should also see a doctor if you have pain in your lower belly area that worsens during certain activities.

Which is the most common type of Hernia?

The most common type of hernia is an inguinal hernia. This is when the tissue in your groin bulges out through a weak spot in the muscles or connective tissue. You can get this type of hernia if one leg is longer than the other or if you lift heavy objects often. It’s also more likely to happen if you’re overweight or obese.

Which is the fatal type of Hernia?

The fatal type of hernia is a femoral hernia, which happens when part of the intestine pokes through the muscle wall in your groin. This can cause an infection and also block blood flow to your legs. If left untreated, it can lead to gangrene and even death.

Can you treat Hernia at home?

Yes, you can treat a hernia at home. You should see your doctor for advice on how to do this. If you have an inguinal hernia, you may be able to push the bulge back into place by standing up slowly and bending forward from the waist. If that doesn’t work, try lying down with your feet elevated above your head or over a chair.

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