What is a Cataract?

A cataract is a hazy, thick cloudy region that occurs in the eye’s lens. A cataract occurs when proteins in the eye clump together and the lens is unable to transmit clean images to the retina. The retina converts light that enters the eye through the lens into messages. The signals are sent to the optic nerve, which then travels to the brain. In this article, you will find out the types of Cataract Surgery available in the market. 

It progresses slowly and eventually obstructs your eyesight. Cataracts can form in both eyes, but they don’t normally form at the same time. Cataracts are very common among the elderly and old people.

Also Read: Cataract Patient Reviews

Symptoms:

  • 1. Blurred and Cloudy Vision 
  • 2. Night Blindness
  • 3. Faded Colors
  • 4. Increased Sensitivity to Light 
  • 5. Halos around lights 
  • 6. Double Vision 
  • 7. Frequent change in eye power. 
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Causes:

  • 1. Smoking 
  • 2. UltraViolet Radiations
  • 3. Overproduction of Oxidants
  • 4. Diseases like diabetes and others
  • 5. Aging 
  • 6. Hypertension 
  • 7. Obesity 
  • 8. Past Eye Surgery 
  • 9. High Power Myopia 
  • 10. High Alcohol Consumptions
  • 11. Trauma 

Cataract Surgery:

The surgical treatment of cataracts is known as cataract surgery. It entails removing the hazy or faulty eye lens and replacing it with an artificial lens.

A cataract is a disease that normally develops as people get older, although it can also develop for other reasons such as eye injury or genetic factors. It is not reversible or treatable with drugs. Cataracts can cause lifelong blindness if not treated promptly. 

If you have been diagnosed with a cataract in one or both eyes, Glamyo HealthCare can provide you with advanced cataract therapy. We provide and offer all the types of Cataract Surgeries. 

Diagnosis of Cataract:

If you suspect you’re having visual problems, see an ophthalmologist as soon as possible. To narrow down the problem, the doctor will inquire about your medical history and symptoms. If your doctor suspects you have a cataract in one or both eyes, he or she may suggest the test below.

Visual Acuity Test- This test allows the doctor to determine an individual’s eye power, or how well they can see an object.

Sit-Lamp Exam- The cornea, iris, eye lens, and the area between the iris and the cornea are all examined using a slit-lamp.

Retinal Exam- A retinal exam is performed to see the backside of the retina clearly. The pupils are dilated, and the eye lens is examined using an ophthalmoscope for symptoms of cataracts.

Tonometry Test- This test is used to measure the pressure inside the eyes and, if necessary, to look for early signs of glaucoma.

Types of Cataract Surgery:

The method for removing cataracts is known as cataract surgery.

Micro incision cataract surgery (MICS) is a technique for removing cataracts with an incision of fewer than 1.8 millimeters. The surgery’s goal is to boost the surgery’s success rate. MICS has long been thought to be a less traumatic operation with improved postoperative outcomes. A high level of surgical precision and ingenuity is used in this advanced cataract surgery.

Advantages:

  • 1. Minimally Invasive 
  • 2. Surgically caused astigmatism is less likely.
  • 3. Vision recovery is faster
  • 4. Healing is faster.


FLACS (femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery) is a relatively new advancement in cataract surgery. When compared to non-FLACS minor incision phacoemulsification cataract surgery, FLACS has fewer hazards. FLACS can provide more precision and repeatability for particular tissue planes than manual approaches.

Small-incision surgery-  Phacoemulsification is another term your doctor might use. Your cornea is cut in a very little way by your surgeon. A tiny gadget is implanted in your eye that emits ultrasonic waves that break up your clouded lens. They then remove the fragments and replace them with the artificial lens.

Large-incision surgery – This isn’t done very often, but doctors may recommend it if you have a big cataract that is causing you more visual problems than usual. Extracapsular cataract extraction is another name for it. The surgeon removes the clouded lens in the eye, its entirety, and replaces it with an artificial lens. You’ll probably take a little longer to recover from this operation than you would with a small-incision procedure.

Can you prevent Cataracts?

Because no one knows what causes cataracts, there is no known technique to prevent them. However, because cataracts and other eye problems such as glaucoma are frequent in older people, it’s critical to have your eyes tested on a regular basis. If you have a family history of eye issues or have been exposed to things that could harm your eyes, this is very crucial.

Adults should see an eye doctor every two years until they reach the age of 50, and then once a year after that.

If you have a history of eye issues or other illnesses that increase your risk of eye disease, such as diabetes, you may need more frequent eye exams.

Contact Glamyo HealthCare today if you want to get rid of your vision difficulties and cataracts for good.

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