What does the term “Blood Vessels” Mean?
Types of Blood Vessel – Blood vessels are the tube-like structure that is responsible for the transportation and circulation of different types of components with the help of blood like
- 1. Oxygen and carbon dioxide
- 2. Hormones
- 3. Waste material
- 4. Nutrients like carbs, fats and proteins
Blood vessels, along with the blood and hearts, form a very important and vital life process. The blood vessels help in the overall circulation of blood throughout the body.
Types of Blood Vessels
Broadly, there are three types of blood vessels
- 1. Arteries
- 2. Veins
- 3. capillaries
Blood Vessels in Looks and Appearance
The blood vessels are like a network of tube-like structures spread throughout the body, and it helps in the transportation of the blood from one organ to another. These blood vessels are present under your skin, and they might appear bluish to greenish due to the electromagnetic spectrum radiation of visible range. This absorption lets you see the veins as blue and green instead of red.
What is the Size of the Blood Vessels?
The blood vessels are mainly of three types, that is arteries, veins and capillaries. The blood vessels hence vary in size and length depending on the location of the blood vessels.
The Composition of Blood Vessels
The blood vessels are mainly three layers, each having a specific type of tissue. These three layers are tunica intima, media and adventitia. The Tunica intima is the innermost layer of the blood vessel, and it helps regulate blood pressure maintenance and the prevention of blood clots. All these factors allow the blood vessels to regulate the smooth flow of blood.
The media, as the name suggests, is the middle layer that is composed of elastic fibers; this is essential as it helps in maintaining the flow of the blood in one direction; this layer is also responsible for the expansion and contraction of the blood vessels.
The outermost layer is adventitia containing nerves and vessels. This layer is responsible for supplying oxygen and nutrients to all the cells of the body. This layer is important as it helps in maintaining the structure of the blood vessels.
What are the Diseases that can affect the blood vessels?
The blood vessels get affected by some diseases and disorders. Some of them are
- 1. Coronary artery disease
- 2. Carotid artery disease
- 3. Atherosclerosis
- 4. Heart attack, strokes
- 5. Blood clots
- 6. The fluctuation in the blood pressure
- 7. Varicose veins
- 8. Vasculitis
Who is at Risk of Having Blood Vessel Disorder?
One with the following conditions can have blood vessels disorder or vascular diseases.
As the age of an individual increase, the chances of getting vascular disease also increase. The risk of having vascular disease increases after the age of 65 or above it.
Weight gain can also welcome many health issues other than vascular diseases. The gain in weight due to an unhealthy lifestyle and junk food is also responsible for vascular disease.
Problem of diabetes can cause health issues and disorders of the blood vessels.
Bad cholesterol in the body is also very harmful, and it can lead to blood vessel disorders.
Nowadays, people are busy at work and have long working schedules that do not include physical activity and exercise. Hence it is very important to include healthy exercise and activities in your day-to-day routine.
The history of family health is also crucial when it comes to vascular disease.
What are the possible symptoms of blood vessel disorder?
Ans- Several symptoms are linked with the diseases and disorders of vascular diseases. Some of them are given here
- 1. The discoloration of the skin color to bluish and greenish skin color.
- 2. The numbness and coldness in several body parts, say in legs, arms and hands.
- 3. Difficulty performing or doing the movement through arms, legs etc.
- 4. The feeling of laziness and fatigue.
- 5. The pain in some parts.
- 6. Difficulty in breathing and respiring.
What are the ways of diagnosing vascular disease?
The diagnosis of the vascular disease can be made by electrocardiography, CT scan, MRI, Angiography, Cardiac catheter,
Tilt table test, Cardiac catheterization, etc.
What are the ways of treating blood vessel disorders?
There are many treatments available for blood vessel disorders.
Some of them are
The change in lifestyle
There is some habits and routines you need to eliminate or at least reduce from your lifestyle, like smoking and drinking alcohol in excess.
The Application of Medication
Medication is the way that can help you in the treatment of blood vessel disorders like blood pressure, cholesterol etc.
There are treatments available that one individual can use for the disorders of the blood vessels.
The surgical procedure
The surgery for a blood vessel is also an option for treatment of the blood vessel.
However, it is always advisable to consult a well-experienced and skilled doctor before surgery.
What are the ways to keep blood vessels healthy
- 1. A healthy choice of food and diet
- 2. Active lifestyle
- 3. Avoid smoking and alcohol consumption
- 4. Yoga and exercise
- 5. Fresh juice of fruits and vegetables
Frequently Asked Questions
What are blood vessels?
Blood vessels are small tube-like vessels found in the whole body and are very important for the transportation and exchanging of nutrients throughout the body.
How many types of blood vessels are present in the body?
Blood vessels are of three types that are arteries, veins and capillaries. The arteries are responsible for transporting blood from the heart to all parts of the body, while veins take blood from all organs back to the heart. Capillaries act like bridges connecting arteries and veins.
How can we keep our vascular system healthy?
The vascular system is responsible for transporting blood throughout the body. Hence it becomes very important to keep the vascular system and its health in check. To do this, you should regularly do exercises and yoga, eat a balanced and healthy diet, avoiding smoking and drinking.
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