Structure of Shoulder 

Causes of Shoulder Pain – The shoulder consists of three types of bones viz shoulder blade that is the scapula, clavicle that is collarbone and humorous that is upper arm bone. The shoulder joint is a ball socket joint or diarthrosis and multiaxial. Due to the four muscles and tendons known as the rotator cuff, it becomes possible for the shoulder to have a good range of shoulders.

What causes shoulder pain?

Shoulder pain can be caused due to many different reasons. But the common reason for shoulder pain is trapping the rotator cuff under the bony part of the shoulder. Such a condition is called rotator cuff tendinitis or bursitis.

Shoulder pain can be caused due to many other reasons as well. Some of them are mentioned below.

Shoulder joint Arthritis 

Arthritis is a condition in which the cartilage of joints gets damaged. Shoulder joint arthritis occurs due to the wearing down of the ball socket joint. One can do some physical exercise to avoid shoulder joint arthritis.

Bone Spurs around the shoulder

A bone spur, also known as osteophytes, refers to bone growth around joints. It develops due to wear and tear injuries and sometimes degenerative joint conditions.


Bursitis in the shoulder occurs due to the accumulation of excess fluid in the cushioning pad between tissue and the joints. Shoulder bursitis can affect the mobility of the arms as well.

Shoulder joint Injury

Shoulder joints can be injured for many reasons, such as accidents, trauma, excessive weight lifting, wrong posture etc.

Shoulder dislocation 

Shoulders can be delocalized due to some major or minor injury. It could be painful & achy that can be triggered due to heavy weight lifting, physical activities etc. if you see such a problem, it is suggested to consult an expert.

Shoulder separation

A shoulder separation is the damage of the ligament around the AC joint, i.e., acromioclavicular, between the collarbone and shoulder blade. It can be noticed as visibly deformed. One can feel severe pain due to shoulder separation.

Frozen Shoulder 

A frozen shoulder can be defined as the stiffness in the shoulder’s muscles, tendons, etc., which results in pain and gradual loss of movement. Frozen shoulders can be caused due to swelling or irritation in them.

The Injury in the tendon 

The tendon is a connective tissue that helps attach bones to muscles. The Injury of the tendon can happen due to excessive wear and tear of tendons, Injury & trauma.

Nerve Injury resulting in disrupted shoulder movement

Wrong or misguided shoulder exercising

Exercise is good for health and maintains the body’s overall balance, but only if done correctly.

The pain in the shoulder happens due to the following reasons given here. But many times, the reasons may vary. In such cases, it is suggested to consult a good doctor so that you can recover from the problem as soon as possible.

Here, some home care that can be used to recover from the shoulder pin is given.

  1. 1. Applying the ice on the affected shoulder area for 15 mins. It can be used 2 to 3 times a day every 2 to 3 days. It is suggested not to use ice directly on the skin. Instead, you can apply ice wrapped in a cotton cloth or soft fiber. 
  2. 2. Rest if required. Relaxing the shoulder for some time can also help you to get better.
  3. 3. Avoid any strenuous exercise or weight lifting. These exercises can affect your shoulder. After some rest, you can get back to your normal routine of exercise, initiating with light exercises.
  4. 4. Take painkillers like ibuprofen and acetaminophen that can help relieve the shoulder’s pain or inflammation. 
  5. 5. If you are facing a rotator cuff problem, you can also perform some home care routines, like using ice. You can also take ibuprofen to reduce the inflammation of the shoulder.
  6. 6. You can perform light or slow exercises. It will help you to avoid the problem of a frozen shoulder.

Shoulders help in a wide range of motion. Any shoulder injury can lead to many problems, such as pain, swelling, inflammation, etc. Sometimes pain can be caused due to strenuous exercise or heavy weight lifting. But most of the time, it happens due to unknown reasons that an expert can only recognize. So without any delay, it is suggested to consult a good doctor.

Frequently Asked Questions 

Why does the shoulder pain without any injury?

Shoulder pain can happen for many reasons like strenuous & extreme exercise, heavy weight lifting etc.

How can I relieve my shoulder pain?

Shoulder pain can be relieved in many ways, like applying ice on the affected shoulder area and taking painkillers to relieve pain and inflammation.

When should I worry about shoulder pain?

If you have been facing extreme shoulder pain for a longer time, it is suggested to get your checkup done by an expert. Neglecting it for a longer time can result in much more future problems 

Can shoulder pain be a symptom of something else?

Yes, shoulder pain can point towards many problems like Injury in the tendon of the shoulder, nerve breakage, etc. Hence, if you are facing severe pain, you should consult a good doctor.

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