A thyroidectomy is the removal of some affected area of the thyroid gland surgically. The thyroid gland is present in the neck that produces hormones to regulate the metabolism of the body. There are several reasons why someone may need to have a thyroidectomy, such as to treat thyroid cancer, Graves’ disease, or an overactive thyroid. The Surgery itself is relatively simple and can be done in less than an hour. However, there are some risks involved with any surgery, such as infection and bleeding.

What is the Thyroid?

The Thyroid is a gland that looks like a small butterfly that is present in the neck. The Thyroid produces hormones that regulate your metabolism, heart rate, and body temperature. The Thyroid also plays a role in regulating growth and development.

What is a thyroidectomy, and why is it important?

A thyroidectomy is a surgical process for the removal of the thyroid gland. The most common reason for this Surgery is to treat thyroid cancer. However, it may also be done to treat goitres, Graves’ disease, and other conditions that affect the Thyroid.

The procedure of Thyroidectomy is used to treat a variety of conditions, including cancer, goitres, and hyperthyroidism. Thyroidectomy can be performed as an open surgery or laparoscopic Surgery.

Importance of Thyroidectomy

There are several reasons why someone might need to have a thyroidectomy. If the gland is enlarged, it may be due to goitre or cancer. If the gland is overactive, it can cause hyperthyroidism. In some cases, the entire gland must be removed. In other cases, only some affected area of the gland is removed. The decision to have a thyroidectomy is made by a team of doctors who specialise in endocrine (hormone) disorders. The Surgery is usually performed by a surgeon who specialises in head and neck surgery. 

Aftercare following a thyroidectomy typically includes taking medication to replace the hormones produced by the thyroid gland. Most people recover from Surgery without any complications. However, as with any surgery, there are potential risks and side effects associated with Thyroidectomy that should be discussed with your doctor before having the procedure.

Thyroidectomy: a Way to Treat Thyroid Cancer

A thyroidectomy is a procedure of removing part of the thyroid gland surgically. The thyroid gland appears in a butterfly-like structure in the lower front of the neck. This gland produces thyroid hormones essential for regulating metabolism and growth. There are several reasons why someone might need to have a thyroidectomy. 

The most common reason is to treat thyroid cancer. 

Other reasons can include

  • 1. Benign (noncancerous) tumours of the Thyroid 
  • 2. Overactive Thyroid (hyperthyroidism)
  • 3. Underactive Thyroid (hypothyroidism),
  • 4. Structural abnormalities of the Thyroid. The Surgery is typically performed under general anaesthesia and takes about two hours. Recovery time varies from person to person but is usually around two weeks.

How is Surgery performed?

The Surgery is performed by an incision in the front of the neck, just below Adam’s apple. The surgeon removes the affected area of the thyroid gland through the incision. Sometimes, a second incision may be made to remove larger tumours.

After the Surgery, you will need to take medication to replace the hormones your thyroid gland typically produces. These hormones are essential for regulating your metabolism and body temperature.

You will likely stay in the hospital for one or two nights after your Surgery. You will be monitored for any complications, such as bleeding or infection, during this time. You can expect to feel tired and have some pain in your neck and throat for a few weeks after the Surgery.

This may be done for a number of reasons, including cancer, goitre, or Graves’ disease.

There are several types of thyroidectomy:

  1. 1. Complete Thyroidectomy: In the complete thyroidectomy the thyroid gland can be removed.
  2. 2. Subtotal Thyroidectomy: This is also known as a near-total or partial thyroidectomy, only the affected area of the thyroid gland is removed.
  3. 3. Hemithyroidectomy: One half of the thyroid gland is removed. This is also called a unilateral lobectomy.
  4. 4. Thyroid Lobectomy: One lobe of the thyroid gland can be removed. This could be either the right lobe or the left lobe.

Is it a painful process?

Thyroidectomies are usually performed under general anaesthesia, which means you will be asleep during the Surgery. The surgeon will make an incision in the front of your neck, just below the voice box. The surgeon will then remove the affected area of the thyroid gland. 

Frequently Asked Questions

Q.1 Why is total Thyroidectomy performed?

A -Total Thyroidectomy is performed if someone has a goitre or cancerous tumour. This is performed to control hyperthyroidism that has severe symptoms.

Q.2 How long is thyroidectomy surgery?

Ans – Thyroidectomy surgery can be done within a span of 1 to 2 hours. However, this period may vary from person to person depending upon various factors. 

Q.3 Is the process of thyroid removal surgery painful?

Ans – Thyroid Removal surgery is not painful as it is done under the application of anaesthesia.

Q.4 When to go for a Thyroidectomy?

Ans – Thyroidectomy is the process that is used to remove the thyroid gland. It could be total or partial, depending upon the severity of the case.

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