Symptoms!

As the monsoon moves in, the number of Swine Flu cases has risen alarmingly. Swine Flu is a viral respiratory infection that affects pigs. There have been a number of instances where people have contracted Swine Flu from being close to pigs (for example, farmers and pork processors).

What Causes Swine Flu?

Like seasonal influenza, swine flu is contagious and spreads through contact. It spreads in the air from infected people who cough or sneeze. Swine Flu can be contracted if you come in contact with these drops or touch a surface (like a doorknob or sink) recently touched by someone who is infected.

It is not possible to catch swine flu by eating bacon, ham, or any other pork product. The cause of swine flu was an influenza A virus type designated as H1N1.

Watch Out for the Symptoms of Swine Flu

Symptoms of Swine Flu may appear one day before a person is contagious and may last until seven days after the person is infected. Children can be contagious for 10 days or longer. The majority of symptoms are similar to those of seasonal flu. They can include:

1. Cold & cough

2. Fever & chill

3. Sore throat

4. Stuffy or runny nose

5. Body and headache

6. Fatigue

Who is More Likely to be at Risk of Swine Flu?

Swine Flu can cause more serious complications, such as pneumonia and respiratory failure. In addition, it can exacerbate conditions such as diabetes and asthma. You should contact your doctor as soon as you notice symptoms such as shortness of breath, nausea, abdominal pain, dizziness, or confusion.

  • 1. Under-5-year-olds
  • 2. Senior citizens over 65 years
  • 3. Children and teens (under age 18) on long-term aspirin therapy who have been infected with Swine Flu may be at risk for Reye’s syndrome.
  • 4. Pregnant women
  • 5. Individuals who suffer from chronic lung, heart, liver, or blood diseases, as well as those with nervous system, neuromuscular, or metabolic disorders
  • 6. Patients with suppressed immune systems (including those taking anti-immune medicines and those infected with HIV)
  • 7. Residents of long-term care facilities and nursing homes
  •  

How is Swine Flu Treated?

H1N1 Swine Flu can also be treated with some of the same antiviral drugs that are used to treat seasonal flu. The most effective treatments for Swine Flu seem to be oseltamivir (Tamiflu) and zanamivir (Relenza), although some strains are resistant to Tamiflu.

 With these drugs, it is possible to treat Swine Flu faster. Furthermore, they can prevent it from becoming too severe. Taking them within 48 hours of the first flu symptoms is most effective, but they may also help if taken later.

Since Swine Flu is caused by a virus, not bacteria, antibiotics won’t help. Cold and flu medications and over-the-counter pain relievers can help relieve aches, pains, and fevers. Under 18-year-olds shouldn’t take aspirin to prevent Reye’s syndrome. Before giving children over-the-counter cold medications, make sure they do not contain aspirin.

Vaccine for Swine Flu

Flu vaccines are also effective against H1N1 Swine Flu strains. There are two ways to get it: by injection or by nasal spray. Both ways, it “teaches” your immune system to attack the real virus.

 You can stay healthy by doing the following things in addition to getting a flu shot:

  • 1. Keep your hands clean throughout the day by washing.
  • 2. You can also use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
  • 3. Avoid touching your eyes, nose, or mouth.
  • 4. Do not interact with sick people.
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Don’t ignore your symptoms. Know them and act accordingly. It is half done when you are fully informed!

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