Stomach cancer is called gastric cancer that begins when stomach cells starts growing out of control. The major cause of stomach cancer is difficult to understand. However, is majorly because of lifestyle and diet. For example, if your diet entails highly smoked and salted foods, less vegetables, and proccessed meat then it may increase the chances or risk of stomach cancer. There are 4 Stomach Cancer Stages.
Every category has been rated on a numbered scale, with the higher numbers indicating high severity. After then, these categories have been grouped in the stomach cancer stages from 0-4, which are mentioned below.
Stage 0 (high grade dysplasia) – the early stage of stomach cancer can be referred to as carcinoma in situ because, at this stage, cancer has not been spread to any nearby tissues. Cancer has been yet spread to the inner layers of the tissue or cells that line the stomach.
Stage 1 – at this stage, stomach cancer has been categorized into two categories.
- Stage 1A – when cancer has grown under the top layer of cells in the mucosa but has not grown in the muscle layer of your stomach, and when the cancer has not grown or spread to the near lymph nodes.
- Stage 1B – stomach cancer develops when you meet these conditions, such as when cancer has spread in 1 or 2 lymph nodes near your stomach. However, not in any other organs or tissues, and when cancer has spread or developed in the major muscle layers of your stomach wall, it has not grown to the lymph nodes, organs, and tissues.
Stage 2 – this stage has also been divided into various categories, such as
- Stage 2A – this stage occurs when the following categories are met.
When cancer has spread within the inner layer of the stomach wall, at this stage, cancer has been spread to three to six lymph nodes. It has also grown within the outer muscular layers of the stomach wall. This has spread to one or two lymph nodes but not among other organs.
- Stage 2B – this stage develops when the below-mentioned categories are met.
Stomach cancer has developed below the top layer of cells but not in the layer of major muscles. This has spread to 7 or more lymph nodes nearby the tissue and organs of the stomach. Organs and tissue outside do not get affected.
Cancer has been developed within the layers of the major muscles. This has grown to 3 to 6 lymph nodes in the organs of the stomach. However, it has not been spread to other organs outside the stomach.
Stage 3 – this stage has been divided into three different categories which are the following.
- Stage 3A – The cancer has not been developed in the major muscle layers of your stomach. This has spread to 7 or more lymph nodes. However, has not grown or spread to different organs or any part of the body.
- Stage 3B – at this stage, the cancer has spread to the supportive, inner, mucles, or the outside the stomach or when the cancer has grown to the wall of the stomach and to the near tissues and organs. In this case, cancer has been found within the nearby lymph nodes. Moreover, it has not develop to other organs or parts of the body.
- Stage 3C – this stage means that cancer hasn’t grown to the outer layer of your stomach and this can occur when the cancer has been developed within the stomach wall and to the nearby tissues and organs. The cancer may also present in the nearby lymph nodes but hasn’t spread to different parts or organs of the body.
Stage 4 – this stage means that your cancer has develop and spread to the wall of your stomach and to the near tissues and organs. However, it may have been spread to the lymph nodes but not to the other organs and tissues of your body.
All these are the stages of stomach cancer. When you found to have symptoms of stomach cancer then your doctor will conduct test for examinning the stage of cancer as it helps in understanding the severity of your condition.
Frequently Asked Questions
What is the first stage of stomach cancer?
The first stage of cancer is when cancer has grown under the top layer of cells in the mucosa but has not grown in the muscle layer of your stomach, and when the cancer has not grown or spread to the near lymph nodes.
Where Does stomach cancer usually start?
Stomach cancer majorly starts in the cells that line inside your stomach.
How to Detect Stomach Cancer?
Upper endoscopy, imaging tests, and biopsy are tests performed by doctors for diagnosing stomach cancer.
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