Have you ever noticed the web-like structure of blood vessels on thighs and faces? These structures appear red to blue and often cause irritation and discomfort. These are known as Spider veins. You can see spider veins on your thighs as well. Now the question arises is what causes spider veins and how can we prevent them? To get a better understanding of the vascular disorder, spider veins, let’s look at its signs and symptoms, causes, Level of medical complications, and preventive methods of the disease.

 A spider vein is also known as telangiectasia in the medical branch. It appears as dark blue, red fine line-like structures on certain parts of the body.Due to its appearance and structure, it got its name spider veins. This also causes bulging of blood veins. Since it is a part of vascular disease, it suggests its relation with the vascular or circulatory system of our body system.

What is a Spider Vein?

Spider veins or telangiectasia is a biological terminology. Spider veins could be spotted on certain parts of legs, on thighs, and sometimes on the face as many blue-colored dilated fine lines form a webby structure. Spider veins could also be irritating sometimes as they can give itching sensation, swelling or soreness, pain in the legs and change in color, etc. However, symptoms are not very severe and do not cause much trouble to many patients. But many people go for the treatment of spider veins in case of cosmetic reasons as well, as it also appears on the face. 

What Causes Spider Veins?

A spider vein is a vascular system disorder that is caused due to medical complications in the valves of veins. Veins are responsible for transporting the deoxygenated blood from all parts of the body back to the heart. As the flow of blood is unidirectional that means that blood will flow only in one specific direction. To prevent the flow of blood backward, it contains valves. Valves are like a one-way gate for the entry of fluid, restricting it to flow backward. Valves contain muscle and with the help of relaxation contraction, it performs their functions. However, due to some medical causes and reasons, the muscle gets weak and loses its ability to relax and contract, making it difficult for valves to hold the fluids flowing in the vein in one particular direction. Then the blood that is flowing in the vein flows backward and appears like blue lines. The root cause behind the weakening of valves, but there are other reasons as well. some are given below

Are you at risk of getting Spider Veins? 

Here are some Causes of Spider Vein :-

  • Inherited Genetically – Spider vein causes due to inheritance pattern followed in the family history tree. Hence, most people get spider veins genetically.
  • Blood Flow Speed – The main reason behind the spider vein is the weakening or abnormality in the muscles of valves, which further creates a hindrance in facilitating the flow of blood. High blood speed in the veins, which mostly happens in pregnancy can also lead to the spider vein. 
  • Obesity –  Obesity is the gain in the weight of the body, due to overconsumption of unhealthy fats, which results in the thickening of the walls of blood vessels. If the BMI is 30 or above, it shows the excess fat accumulation in the body, making the body look fat. Due to heavy weight, the body exerts pressure on the veins … which can damage them as well and may cause spider disease.
  • Vein Damage –  Vein damage is also a reason behind the spider vein disorder. 
  • UV Radiation – Ultraviolet rays of the sun are harmful as they can alter the biochemical structure and alignments of the cells and hence create several other problems as well. 
  • Age Factor – With the increase in age, the chances or risk of having spider veins increases as muscles lose the ability to relax and contract. Hence this problem is more common in old-aged people than young or adults. 
  • Prolong Sitting Posture – Sitting in the same posture for a long period can also exert pressure on the walls of the vein. That is why living an active lifestyle by eating a balanced diet and regular exercise is very crucial. 
  • Lifting the Heavyweight – If one is lifting heavy weight, without any proper guidance from a trainer or coach, then it results in wrong body postures and it sometimes leads to the exertion of stress on veins. 
  • Hormonal Complexity – The hormonal level fluctuation in the body also leads to spider veins disease. 
  • Blood Clotting – A blood clot in a vein blocks the vein and may damage it too. Therefore treatment like thrombin injections could help in diluting the blood clot in the blood.
  • Risk Factor in Female – Females are more prone to the problem of spider veins than men. This is because of a change in hormones.  
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What is the Treatment for the Spider Vein on the Legs?

  • Sclerotherapy – The treatment of the spider veins can be done by using certain types of chemicals that could be transferred to the blood vein with the help of injecting needles. In this treatment, a chemical that is injected into the body is used for sticking to the walls of the vein and closing it. However, such treatment could be used to remove existing spider veins but it cannot prevent the occurrence of new ones. People usually go to the treatment for cosmetic purposes. 
  • Laser Surgery for Removal of Spider Vein – Laser technology is also used by doctors or surgeons. With the application of this technique, the spider vein disappears within a few minutes without actually harming the skin. 
  • Home Remedies for Spider Veins – Apple cider vinegar, eating a balanced diet full of fiber, minerals, protein, etc. herbs and natural spices like turmeric, application of essential oils, and massaging of the affected area regularly.
  • Spider Vein Removal Baturally – The spider vein can be treated naturally by keeping a tag of regular exercise, massaging the affected portion regularly, and choosing to live a healthy lifestyle. Since such treatment can prevent you from getting more spider veins. But for complete disappearance, it is suggested to go for medical treatment.  
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Is the Varicose Vein and Spider Vein the Same?

 Varicose veins and spider veins are somewhat similar in biochemical composition. However, the appearance of both of them is different. Varicose veins are bigger and may cause discomfort and pain, and require proper treatment. The spider veins are thin, fine thread-like structures, having little bulging and little or no pain. This is usually treated for cosmetic purposes. 

Spider veins are of little concern, in terms of health, but cover a major ground in terms of cosmetics. With the development in the branch of medical technology, many health-related issues have been solved and this is one of them. Spider veins are a common vascular problem and can be treated and cured with minimal complications. 

Frequently Asked Questions

Are spider veins dangerous?

Spider veins are not very dangerous in major cases and are treated for cosmetic concerns mostly. In some cases, it can create severe pain and swelling. 

How do I get rid of spider veins on my legs?

Spider veins look like fine threads clustered in a portion. It is caused because of valve weakening, which allows the blood to flow backward. Natural methods could be used for treating them with the help of apple cider vinegar, turmeric, essential oils, and herb treatment on the affected area. But they take a lot of time in the healing process. So one should consult a doctor to treat the problem of spider veins completely.

What is the best treatment for spider veins?

Spider veins can be treated with the help of laser treatment, sclerotherapy, etc. However, they can be prevented by living an active lifestyle. 

Is spider vein treatment covered under the insurance?

A spider vein is not a major health concern. However, the insurance holder needs to contact the respective insurance company to know more about the policy. Some companies cover insurance with a certain limited amount, while others cover treatment of all diseases. It depends on the policy.  

Can spider veins be removed?

Spider veins can be removed by several medications. Medicines help in sticking the walls of the vein and allowing the skin to get spot free. These processes include sclerotherapy, laser technology, etc.

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