Sliding hernia. It can seem a simple understanding term, but it is a broad medical term, significant to learn about when it comes to hernia condition. 

Out of this large population, an estimation of people developing a sliding hernia is possibly calculated to be between 10% -50%. 

Here, let’s together go deeper and understand more about sliding hernia and how the medical sector sees it. 

Define a Sliding Hernia.

A sliding hernia is another name given to the hiatus hernia when the hernia gets dislocated or simply gets displaced from its place.  In other ways, when the abdomen wall and the skin that surrounds it gets protrude.

So, in such a displacement, the hernia generally moves in, out, up or down from the chest area. There are some potential chances of sliding hernia appearing in people who have been checked for an inguinal hernia. 

Causes of sliding hernia 

  • 1. Having it since birth Having unusual larger-sized hiatus at the time of birth. 
  • 2. Imbalance weight Those dealing with obesity can be triggered with multiple ailments, amongst which one can be a sliding hernia. 
  • 3. Straining on the body’s muscles Due to intense. or continuous pressure, the body’s muscles can get weakened and result in a sliding hernia. 
  • 4. Past traumatic experience People with past troubles, mental, physical or emotional, deal with health conditions. 
  • 5. Due to past injury, Some people might also get a sliding hernia due to some minor major past accidents they met with. 

Sliding Hernia Symptoms 

  • 1. Swollen foods coming back to the mouth 
  • 2. Experiencing heartache or heartburn 
  • 3. Breathing complications 
  • 4. Facing difficulties while swallowing food 
  • 5. Aching in the abdomen or chest area
  • 6. Bloated stomach and feeling full 
  • 7. Gastrointestinal problems

Types of Sliding Hernia 

A sliding hernia which is also called a hiatus hernia can be divided into four categories according to its difference in type.

  • 1. Type 1 (A normal sliding hernia): This type of sliding hernia is the most common as an estimation of 95% of people are diagnosed with a sliding hernia. 

It consists of the up-and-down movement of the hernia, during the movement the gastroesophageal shifts or slides up and down to the vacant cavity. 

  • 2. Type 2 (A portion is herniated): Here, a sliding hernia appears with a specific part of the stomach which is herniated. 
  • 3. Type 3 (A portion is herniated and abdominal position of GE junction shifts): This type, just as the previous type of hernia where the sliding hernia appears with a specific part of the stomach which is herniated and also slides up and down from the gastrointestinal tract to the cavity. 
  • 4. Type 4 (When some other organ appears with a sliding hernia): Here, mostly some other organs had become herniated.

Sliding Hernia Diagnosis

To diagnose a Sliding hernia, the surgery might take an X-ray test or an endoscopy test. This helps to identify the actual condition of a Sliding hernia and how it can cause complications to the health condition of the person. 

In the process of diagnosis, a sliding hernia is detected when the visible separation between the diaphragmatic and the squamocolumnar junction is more than 2 cm. 

Sliding Hernia Treatment 

The preferred treatment option for a sliding hernia first involves easing the signs of a sliding hernia that have physically started to appear and cause discomfort. 

Further, lifestyle changes and medications after consulting the doctor can help as well. Lastly, if the sliding hernia becomes a serious concern, surgery is opted for after proper consultation and diagnosis. 

How Serious is a Sliding Hernia?

Well, a hernia does not frequently becomes a sliding hernia, especially when the hernia is smaller in size. Whereas, when the hernia is larger, it can become a condition of higher concern. 

What happens if a sliding hernia is left untreated? 

The major complication that occurs when a sliding hernia is left unexamined or untreated is the case of the hernia getting strangulated. This means that blood circulation goes on to reduce and blocked at times. 

When to see a doctor? 

A person who starts experiencing symptoms of a sliding hernia, starts to feel physical pain or faces complications, must ensure to visit the doctor for the correct diagnosis and treatment of the condition. 

For the proper consultation and surgery, Glamyo Health has the best doctors available for a quick discussion with the surgeon and planning for the surgery (if suggested by the surgeon).

Frequently Asked Questions 

Q. What causes a sliding hernia?

A sliding hernia is generally the result of past injuries, some major or critical surgery or trauma caused to the person that has been severely affected by certain parts of the body. 

Also, continuous pressure to one area, intense straining while regular bowel movements or simply due to rare cases of natural larger hiatus when born can trigger a sliding hernia. 

Q. What are the symptoms of a sliding hernia?

Symptoms to detect quickly a sliding hernia are the signs of experiencing heartburn (GORD). 

But, a sliding hernia does not always occur with many physical symptoms or signs to make a person aware of its presence. 

Q. How do you treat a sliding hernia?

Generally, a sliding hernia can be treated initially through home remedies, some simple lifestyle changes and medications prescribed by an experienced doctor. 

The option of surgery is only preferred as an alternative or the last treatment choice available for the patients. 

Q. Does a sliding hernia need surgery?

Surgery for a sliding hernia is generally recommended for patients who are experiencing more severe complications and their condition isn’t recovering or they aren’t getting any better simply by taking medicines. Thus, after trying out the remedies when nothing else works, surgery becomes a necessary step.

Q. Can a sliding hiatal hernia get worse?

Yes, in some cases where a sliding hernia condition occurs and the hernia seems sliding in and out of the chest, it can cause complications, resulting in gastroesophageal reflux disease and the need for another medical emergency. 

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