Scalp Psoriasis is a type of skin disorder, and it is not contagious. It appears when your immune system sends the wrong signals to the skin cells to grow faster. Different skin tones have different types of patches. Usually, it will be seen as red patches and silvery scales on the scalp, and it can come up to the forehead and behind the ear also. You will see it on the back of the neck, also.

The Medicine you Apply to the Scalp Psoriasis

Calcipotriene – It can be seen in different forms like a cream, foam, ointment, and solution. It contains vitamin D, and it facilitates the stopping of growing skin cells, which affects the part of the body.

Betamethasone – calcipotriene: It helps to get relief from redness and itching as it is a mixture of corticosteroids and vitamin D.

Tazarotene – It helps to reduce plaque and control its spread as it is also available as foam, cream, and lotion.

Oral retinoids – helps control the inflammation and growth of cells as it contains vitamin A.

Methotrexate – It will be taken on time as scheduled by your doctor, and it is designed to stop skin cells from overgrowing as it can be taken as oral tablets. 

Symptoms 

Symptoms of this skin disease are

  • 1. Fine scaling that looks like dandruff
  • 2. A thick, crusted plaque that covers up the whole scalp.
  • 3. An itchy sensation
  • 4. A burning sensation
  • 5. Dryness
  • 6. Bleeding
  • 7. Hairloss
  •  

Causes 

The major cause of scalp psoriasis is unknown but there are some of the possible causes are

  • 1. When an individual’s body starts producing a lot of T-cells, a type of white blood cell that affects healthy cells by mistake, they start producing more skin cells and WBCs, and that leads to inflammation, redness, patches, and flaking.
  • 2. Genetics and the lifestyle of people could be the causes of this disease.
  • 3. It is hereditary, as you can get it from your family as well. It involves a greater risk of developing this disease.
  • 4. Obesity is also one of the causes of skin psoriasis.
  • 5. Smoking can also lead to this problem as it aggravates the symptoms of this disease.
  • 6. High stress can affect your immune system, which has an impact on your body.
  • 7. Those who have HIV or any infection are more prone to this disease.
  •  

Treatments for Scalp Psoriasis

Some of the creams, lotions, or gels recommended by your doctor will help you treat the chronic inflammation and hair loss caused by mild cases of scalp psoriasis. Some of the medicines are

  • 1. Corticosteroids
  • 2. Coal tar
  • 3. Salicylic acid
  • 4. Anthralin`
  •  

Medicines for Severe Scalp Psoriasis

A doctor will prescribe you some of the medications that involve

  • 1. A thin needle will be used to inject adalimumab, etanercept, or ustekinumab into your skin or directly into the plaque.
  • 2. Oral medications may include acitretin, cyclosporine, or methotrexate, and the pill or tablet must be swallowed with water.
  • 3. Phototherapy usually utilizes the UV rays from special lamps, and those UV waves in sunlight help to cure certain skin disorders.
  • 4. It is difficult to treat scalp psoriasis as some of the treatments will not respond to your body because everybody is unique. You have to consult with your doctor for the best treatment.
  •  

Scalp Psoriasis vs Dandruff

They both exhibit the same symptoms.

  • 1. White or yellow skin flakes on the scalp
  • 2. Mild redness
  • 3. Itchiness
  • 4. Dryness
  • 5. Temporary hair loss
  •  

But for differentiation, we can identify dandruff by seeing

  • 1. Dry skin on the face also favours the brows.
  • 2. A greasy or oily scalp
  •  

As scalp psoriasis causes thick plaque on the entire scalp as compared to dandruff,

Dandruff has only white border lines, and scalp psoriasis has red line borders.

Dandruff can be treated by home remedies and the right hair care shampoo and conditioner, and it is a lot easier to treat dandruff as compared to scalp psoriasis.

Scalp Psoriasis Risks Factors

Some of the risk factors for scalp psoriasis are

  • 1. Stress
  • 2. Skin injury
  • 3. They are increasing the chances of getting scalp psoriasis.
  •  

Natural Remedies for Scalp Psoriasis

While they do not help to alleviate the whole disease, they can be helpful to some extent as it facilitates reducing the symptoms of this disease, and those natural remedies are

  • 1. Aloe Vera cream or gel
  • 2. Solution of apple cider vinegar
  • 3. Baking soda paste.
  • 4. Capsaicin cream
  • 5. Coconut or avocado oil
  • 6. Pureed garlic
  • 7. An oatmeal bath
  • 8. Omega-3 fatty acids
  • 9. Tea-tree oil
  • 10. Turmeric
  • 11. Vitamin D
  •  

All ingredients have properties to reduce the number of symptoms and try to get the relief that people may suffer from.

Tips for Managing Scalp Psoriasis

There are certain tips to manage the symptoms of scalp psoriasis, and those are

  • 1. Always take medicines according to your doctor’s prescription, which includes any OTC or prescription medications.
  • 2. Always bathe in lukewarm water for 15 minutes, and just after bathing, apply moisturizers to your scalp to avoid dryness.
  • 3. Whenever you wash your hair, always apply conditioner for moisture.
  • 4. Don’t comb your hair roughly as it irritates.
  • 5. If you have a plaque on your scalp, then you have to avoid wearing any hats or other headwear as your scalp needs to breathe.
  •  

When to See a Doctor

If you are facing any unusual problem or symptom that is not getting resolved on your own or by any home remedy, and also if you do not see any improvement by taking the treatment and the plaque looks infected, then you need to speak to your doctor for the best treatment.

Frequently Asked Questions

How to treat scalp psoriasis?

For getting rid of scalp psoriasis, your doctor may prescribe you lotions, sprays, steroids, etc., as they will help in treating moderate or severe scalp psoriasis. 

What is the most effective medicine for treating scalp psoriasis?

Salicylic acid shampoos and scalp solutions can help in reducing or treating this condition. 

What is the main cause of scalp psoriasis?

Scalp psoriasis is an autoimmune disease that is caused by your own immune system. 

Can scalp psoriasis heals naturally?

Yes, it might disappear on thier own when your immune system stops attacking your body. 

What happens if psoriasis is left untreated?

If scalp psoriasis is left untreated, then it may worsen and may lead to other complications. 

How often should you wash hair with psoriasis?

It is recommended that people with sensitive scalp should wash their hair twice a week.

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