Have you been looking to learn about nuclear cataract? Are cataracts and nuclear cataracts completely different from one another? Or do they have some connection that we must learn about? Here, let’s shift our focus to understanding the meaning, causes, symptoms, types, treatments, and more about nuclear cataracts and what is their relation to cataracts.

Nuclear Cataract 

Nuclear sclerosis is the occurrence of clouding in the central part of the eye lens which is medically known as the nucleus of the eyes. Therefore, this results in a cataract and is further medically termed a nuclear cataract. 

Nuclear Cataract: A common type of Cataract 

Cataracts are broadly classified into multiple types. One of the most common cataract types is a Nuclear cataract. Other cataract types include 

  • 1. Posterior Subcapsular cataracts This is one of the major types of cataracts that are known for causing disturbance to the near-sight vision issue. In addition, the person also troubles to see in bright light, experiences sudden halos, and faces night vision difficulty. 
  • 2. Congenital Cataracts Firstly, this condition may occur in either one eye or both eyes. Next, it gives a cloudy lens to the person, by birth. 
  • 3. Cortical Cataracts This condition takes a gradual pace to grow. In this, the eye cortex shows streaks on the outer edge.

Causes of Nuclear Cataracts 

A nuclear cataract is also known as one of the most common cataract types possible. It often occurs due to these major causes. 

  • 1. By birth or genetic issue. 
  • 2. Steroids usage in excessive amounts. 
  • 3. UV light direct exposure. 
  • 4. Injury in or around the eyes. 
  • 5. Past trauma. 
  • 6. Undergone some major surgery in the past. 

Symptoms of Nuclear Cataract 

Mainly, a person with a nuclear cataract often faces difficulty seeing distant objects. Apart from this, other signs too are found in nuclear cataract patients.

  • 1. Double vision 
  • 2. Difficulty clearing seeing in bright light 
  • 3. Halos appearing in front of bright light 
  • 4. Visuals of faded colour 
  • 5. Difficulty driving due to unclear vision. 
  • 6. Mostly affecting farsighted vision 
  • 7. Intolerance to bright headlights, especially at night. 
  • 8. The world you see starts to lose its natural colour to your eyes. 
  • 9. When the cataract appears to affect the nucleus of your eyes. 

Treatment of Nuclear Cataract  

The most commonly performed treatment for those with nuclear cataracts is a safe and advanced surgical procedure to carefully replace the clouded lens with a clear lens. 

Nuclear cataract surgery Eye experts and surgeons state that the surgery is the most recommended option for nuclear cataract condition type. 

The procedure that follows is a very simple one, especially when carefully done by an experienced ophthalmologist surgeon. 

  • 1. The surgery includes replacing the hardening lens with a new artificial lens. 
  • 2. It generally takes 20 minutes for the surgeon to perform it. 
  • 3. It is done through the new and advanced laser technique. 

Risks of Nuclear Cataracts 

Cataracts are an eye condition that is completely cured through surgery. Nuclear cataract belongs to the same process to be corrected. 

Therefore, the number of risks that are associated with any other condition of cataract is similar to risks that affect nuclear cataract conditions. These risks are 

  • 1. Growing age 
  • 2. Other medical condition 
  • 3. Hypertension 
  • 4. Cigarette smoking 
  • 5. Diabetes 
  • 6. Tobacco

When to need Treatment of Nuclear Cataract 

The need for nuclear cataract treatment happens often when a person starts to have disturbing physical signs of vision issues. 

With the progressing age along with clouding appearing in the eyes, thorough diagnosis surgery is often recommended by the doctor.

Nuclear Cataract Cost 

Nuclear cataract to any other type of cataract surgery. Generally, the surgery cost ranges between Rs 18,000 to Rs 80,000. 

Further, the cost may vary as per the specification of an individual’s case. Multiple factors can affect the cost such as doctor’s fees, the hospital’s infrastructure, the type of cataract, the type of cataract surgery, and other medical facilities. 

When to See a Doctor 

Patients must visit the concerned ophthalmologist as soon as they start to experience any of the physical symptoms. 

These are the warning signs to the alarm that it’s time to take medical assistance and get it immediately treated. 

For the same, Glamyo Health has designed a team of people who are dedicated to helping the general public towards meeting their every medical need. 

Get your free eye consultation and know the correct path to cure your eye ailment completely. 

Frequently Asked Questions

Q. What is the difference between a cataract and a nuclear cataract? 

On one hand, cataract is an eye disease. Whereas, nuclear cataract is the most common type of cataract developed in the eyes. 

A cataract is the clouding of the lens whereas a nuclear cataract is the eventual hardening and yellowing of the nucleus present in the center of the eye.

Q. Can nuclear cataracts be treated?

Yes, nuclear cataracts can be treated. In simple terms, a nuclear cataract is when the cataract becomes severe in condition. Therefore, the preferred way to treat it is through laser surgery designed for cataract patients. 

Q. What are the symptoms of nuclear cataracts?

Some quick symptoms of nuclear cataract are eye glare or sensitivity to light, occasionally experiencing double vision, having difficulty while driving or travelling, and having difficulty reading something in distance. 

Q. How fast do nuclear cataracts grow?

Due to direct and harmful exposure to light radiation, the person may develop a nuclear cataract within two years. 

That is, one of the major factors quickly affecting vision is exposure to high levels of radiation. Whereas, a low level of light radiation takes years to develop a nuclear cataract. 

Q. What is the most serious type of cataract?

One of the most severe types of cataracts is a posterior subcapsular cataract. The very first reason is that it grows faster than other types. 

Along with other reasons defining its severity such as glare sensitivity, helos, vision reduced in bright light, or trouble facing interference while reading something. 

Q. What causes nuclear cataracts?

A few of the major causes of the occurrence of nuclear cataracts are extreme exposure to UV light rays, which may be a genetic problem that is present by birth, or excessive use of steroids.

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