Sinus surgery – Nasal sinus is a type of ailment derived by combining two separate terms meaning,  the area present inside the nose and ‘sinus’ meaning those bones space that makes mucus, which further drains out through the nose and cleanses the area of any bacteria or infection. 

What is Nasal Sinus surgery?  

Nasal sinus surgery is a treatment designed for the successful removal of sinuses from the nasal cavity. The need of removing these air-filled sinuses from the nasal area becomes crucial as otherwise, the sinuses could cause blockages resulting in pain and discomfort, become infectious, and cause loss of smell and breathing complications. 

Types of Nasal Sinus?  

There are four types of nasal sinuses present. These are frontal, ethmoid, maxillary and solenoid. 

  • 1. Frontal sinus  These sinus areas are often located as the empty spacing presents both sides around the nose.
  • 2. The ethmoid sinus also called ethmoid air cells, these too are located between the eyes.  
  • 3. Maxillary sinus These are the biggest of all four types of sinuses and are present below the eyes. 
  • 4. Solenoid sinus The fourth type of sinus can be spotted behind the nose or at the back of the eyes and along with the cells they ensure the mucus to not let the nose dry out. 
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The surgery options for Nasal sinus? 

There are multiple surgical options available for the successful treatment of nasal sinus surgery. These surgery options are named Endoscopic sinus surgery, Balloon sinus dilation, Septoplasty, Turbinate surgery and Adenoidectomy. 

The procedure of nasal sinus surgery? 

The procedure of the nasal sinus surgery is according to the type of surgery the patient opted for. 

Amongst the available nasal sinus surgery options, endoscopic surgery, as well as a balloon sinuplasty, are the two m done surgical procedures. 

  • 1. Functional endoscopic surgery If a person is prescribed or chooses to go with endoscopic surgery. 
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Firstly, an endoscope is used for surgery it is a medical tool designed as a tube with a light, for the careful purpose of nasal sinus surgery. 

The procedure follows widening the drainage area and carefully doing the removal of any infectious tissue or bones developed between the nose and sinuses. Further, resulting in the drainage of the mucus that has been blocked. 

  • 2. Balloon sinus dilation Here, the ENT surgeon starts by carefully making the nose sinus wider, which makes more space helping the sinus to drain easily.
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Firstly, through endoscopic equipment, the exact location of the sinus to be treated is reached carefully. 

Next, by using a thin tube and balloon (lacing it to the sinus area), the balloon is gradually and slightly expanded, helping to create more space and the nasal songs are normally released. 

Recovery after nasal sinus surgery

Generally, a patient recovers completely from nasal sinus surgery within 1-2 weeks. Further, the speed of recovery completely differs for each patient. 

To speed up the recovery, after the surgery is done, the patient must take proper rest, especially till the time normal breathing doesn’t recover completely. Along with rest, some recovery tips given here can also be helpful. 

  • 1. Regular follow-ups Post nasal sinus surgery, to make sure of the patient’s recovery and to discuss any complications, scheduling regular follow-ups with the doctor is the best. 
  • 2. Ease from pain and discomfort Some amount of pain or feeling of discomfort after nasal surgery is normal.
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So to ease it, the regular dosage of medications and other supplements prescribed by the surgeon can help bring relief. 

  • 3. Experiencing no bleeding or swelling Post sinus surgery, some bleeding can occur for a temporary time frame. 

So, keep a check on such symptoms, and make sure that bleeding goes away with time. If the bleeding goes on to continue, this can be a serious concern. 

  • 4. Avoid exercising or lifting heavy weights For some initial days or two weeks at least, avoid doing any strenuous exercises or lifting heavy objects. This can put direct pressure on the nose and cause surgical complications.
  • 5. Keep the area clean and out of any infection, Another essential fast recovery tip is to ensure that the sight of the surgery is kept clean and away from any dust. 
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Is nasal sinus surgery painful? 

During nasal sinus surgery, the surgeon gives the patient general anaesthesia. Thus, the patient does not feel any pain during the surgery time. But, post-surgery, experiencing some swelling, pain, discomfort and bleeding is common. 

Usually, these temporary post-surgery complications go on and ease, but in some rarely found cases, if the patient isn’t recovering properly, get in touch with the concerned doctor immediately. 

When to consult a doctor? 

Once the nasal sinus surgery is done, the surgeon’s role isn’t over yet. A patient, who recently underwent nasal sinus surgery must stay in touch with the concerned doctor by going for regular follow-ups.

 Also, if experiencing any post complications or the bleeding isn’t stopping, immediately inform the doctor and get accurate treatment. 

Frequently Asked Questions

Q. Do they break your nose for sinus surgery? 

Nasal sinus surgery does not involve the breaking of the nose of the patient. Rather, the nasal bone is cut. 

The procedure of nasal sinus surgery is safe, pain-free and straightforward. So, a patient does not need to worry about any such complications. 

Q. Can sinus surgery affect your brain? 

Not directly, but in some cases, nasal sinus surgery can affect the lining of the brain by causing meningitis infection or some other infections associated with the brain. This, nasal sinus surgery can affect the brain with intracranial complications. 

Q. Is sinus surgery a serious surgery? 

Yes, sinus surgery can be considered a serious surgery. A sinus surgery, just like other surgery processes can too come. up with some common risks as well as complications. 

Though, these issues are rare to be found. But, after surgery, experiencing some amount of bleeding and some post-sinus surgery temporary pain is normal.

Q. How do you feel after sinus surgery?

For the initial one or two weeks, the patient with nasal sinus surgery normally experiences some pressure, pain and discomfort at the sight of the surgery. 

This is known as mild post-operative temporary discomfort. Usually, with time, medications and heating help to ease these complications. 

Q. What are the risks of sinus surgery? 

Frequent occurrences of infections or occurrences of bleeding along with other obstructions such as pain, swelling or redness are commonly felt by the patients post-sinus surgery.

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