Kidney Stone Diet Chart – In India, almost 50% of the population gets kidney stones with the risk of developing renal disease. It is highly important to get an appropriate diet to prevent renal damage. Vegetables play a significant role in the dietary habits of patients with kidney stones. Some vegetables are better than others in decreasing the risk of kidney stone development. The vegetables containing oxalates responsible for the formation of kidney stones should be avoided completely. Many veggies do not have oxalates and thus become an essential part of the diet for kidney stone patients. Broccoli, carrots, cabbage, kale, green beans, and cauliflower are some vegetables to be taught in dietary regimes for kidney stone patients.

Kidney stones are hard deposits formed in kidneys due to salts and mineral accumulation. Different kinds of kidney stones formed majorly because of high calcium and oxalates. Abnormally high concentration of calcium taken in the diet combines with oxalates to hard depositions called stones in the kidney.

Vegetables that are good for the patient having kidney stones

  • 1. Bitter gourd
  • 2. Bottle gourd
  • 3. Broccoli
  • 4. Cucumber
  • 5. Lemon
  • 6. Mushrooms
  • 7. Onions
  • 8. Kale
  • 9. Sprouts
  • 10. Brussels
  •  

Vegetables that are not good for kidney stones patients

  • 1. Soybeans
  • 2. Spinach
  • 3. White beans
  • 4. Almonds
  •  

What food help clear kidney stone?

5 food to prevent kidney stone

There is various food that poses harm to kidneys and accelerates the formation of kidney stones. There are various studies that describe the bad impact of a diet rich in meat or animal products on kidney patients. Diet rich in fruits and vegetables is beneficial, along with an appropriately balanced intake of dairy products (low fat). 

According to studies, a dietary regime consisting of vegetables and dairy products benefits patients with kidney stones. 

Vegetables containing high oxalates should not be taken in excessive amounts. 

Foods that are high in oxalates and should be eliminated from the diet of patients with kidney stones:

  • 1. Spinach
  • 2. Rice bran
  • 3. Potatoes (with skin)
  •  

Foods to be avoided in the diet of a patient with kidney stones but can be given in balanced quantities as per requirement:

  • 1. Beets
  • 2. Okra
  • 3. Beans
  • 4. Cocoa powder
  • 5. Almonds
  • 6. Wheat bran
  • 7. Cornmeal
  • 8. Wholegrain cereals
  •  

Foods with high sodium (salt) that need to be restricted from the diet of patients with kidney stones:

  • 1. Smoked or canned meat and fish
  • 2. Salted nuts and beans
  • 3. Olives
  • 4. Soy sauce
  • 5. Saltine crackers
  • 6. Ketchup
  • 7. Mustard
  • 8. Cheese (roquefort, parmesan)
  •  

Proteins from non-dairy animals

Dietary regime and recommendations For people having kidney stones

The following dietary advice is meant for patients with kidney stones:

  1. 1. Low animal proteins
  2. 2. Lower salt intake
  3. 3. Diet rich in fruits and vegetables
  4. 4. Lowered oxalate intake
  5. 5. Balanced amount of calcium in the diet
  6. 6. Recommended intake of vegetables rich in potassium, citrate and magnesium.
  7. 7. Low purine diet
  8.  

Risk factors associated with kidney stones:

Dehydration

Less intake of water and fluids increases the risk of stone development in the kidneys.

Obesity

Increased weight and abnormally high BMI (body mass index) are linked to kidney stones.

Family history

People are more at risk of kidney stone development if their immediate family members have stones in the kidney.

Diet

The diet’s high salt, protein, and sugar increase the risk of kidney stone development.

Digestive system problems

Diseases or surgeries associated with the digestive system like inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), chronic diarrhoea, and bypass surgery affect water and calcium absorption increasing the risk of kidney stones.

Medicines 

Medicines like laxatives and calcium-containing antacids also increase calcium concentration in the body.

Frequently Asked Questions

Which beverages help in reducing kidney stones?

Certain beverages that have high concentrations of potassium citrate helps in reducing kidney stones like:

  • 1. Orange juice
  • 2. Lemon juice
  •  

Consuming 1 to 2 L of these juices once a day help in excreting enough amounts of citrate to reduce kidney stones and their recurrence.

Which vegetables should be avoided for kidney stones?

Commonly the kidney stones are formed from Calcium Oxalate that is present at high levels in the following vegetables:

  • 1. Spinach
  • 2. Beets
  • 3. Sweet potatoes
  • 4. Legumes
  •  

Hence, these vegetables should be avoided for kidney stones.

Which type of fruit is best for kidney stones?

Citrus fruits are best to be taken for kidney stones. Drinking citrus fruit juices help reduce and block kidney stone formation. Examples of certain citrus fruits include oranges, grapefruit, and lemons.

Are leafy vegetables good for kidney stones?

Leafy vegetables that are rich in calcium are good for stones in the kidney. Examples of calcium-enriched vegetables include:

  • 1. Kale
  • 2. Broccoli
  • 3. Turnip greens
  • 4. Corn squash
  • 5. Chinese cabbage
  •  

What food help in dissolving kidney stone faster?

Acetic acid containing Apple cider vinegar help in the dissolution of kidney stones faster. It helps flush out kidneys to prevent the formation of stones in the kidney.

Which food to be avoided for kidney stones?

Foods rich in proteins, like red meats, poultry, fish, eggs, and cheese, must be avoided completely to prevent the formation of kidney stones.

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