Kidney stent or stent for kidney stones post kidney stone surgery, the surgeon leaves a kidney stent connected to the patient’s body. This, as many may know, is inserted for initial 1-2 weeks for the proper passage of broken kidney stones. These stones are broken into pieces in the surgery but their proper drainage initially is possible through the stent that is placed outside of the body and acts as the ureter drainage system. 

What is the Role of a Stent? 

A stent is a significant tube connected to the ureter part of the body. In a kidney stone’s surgical treatment, the surgeon carefully implants this tube-like structured stent, which is flexible and acts as the medium to pass out the stones without feeling any pain and throws the waste out of the body. 

What is a kidney Stent? 

A kidney stent is a well-known tube shape attached to the ureter, designed especially for a smooth passage of urine along with broken kidney stones which could not pass or dissolve otherwise. 

A ureteral stent is often referred to as a strong-built urine passage tube helping the painful stones to pass without the body experiencing any pain. A starting length of a ureter is often measured to be 10 cm long, approximately. Whereas, other stents are approximately 25cm to 30cm. 

Stent after Kidney Stone Removal 

A stent has remarkable significance post kidney stone surgery. It made the whole post-procedure of cleansing the body of any hard stones without complications. It is a very effective method and every surgeon takes up this as the preferable choice to string it with a ureter. 

Types of the Kidney Stent 

Kidney stones have their listed types and stones specifically have their different sizes. According to this specification, it is significant that stents too must have different types and sizes. Five major types are given below.

Stents of kidney stones are of various types which are namely mentioned below. Most of these are metal based and all are equally advanced in serving their use and purpose. 

  • The Balloon expandable stent is made up of a closed cell design and in comparison to all the stainless steel ones, it is of a thin layer of cobalt-chromium stents. Its function is to restore and open up the clogged arteries. 
  • The covered stent is made up of a rare graft material called polytetrafluoroethylene. It is considered a good choice in case of emergency. 
  • The self-expandable stent is an effective metallic stent. Its main purpose or use is to transfer food, stool and other substances. It performs the smooth passage through the digestive system.
  • Metal double pigtail stent A metallic ureteral stent is effective and useful to support proper drainage flow and is used for a long time. Its role is defined as quick decompression.
  • The Thermo expandable stent is Often used to achieve complete relief and ease from the ureter-related passage, a reliable stent for long-term use.

Benefits of the stent on kidney stones and other medical use

A stent is a metallic tube which significantly provides an ease to the kidneys to flush out renal stones. It has some of the benefits listed below. 

  • Saves from blockage It helps in the smooth passage of the stones which otherwise gives immense pain while passing through the ureter. 
  • Saves from infection Using a stent is a more sorted and effective way than passing it naturally. Since it is a professional 
  • Used in multiple procedures A stent is not just limited to being used for the kidney. It’s used to stretch and extend to other parts of the body as well. 
  • During and post-surgical procedure Often surgeons use a stent at the time of surgical procedure and post-surgery. 

Side effects of kidney stenting 

Careful look after, kidney stenting and removal of dj stent are very necessary. It includes the following risk factors or the side effects that can be kept safe if taken proper care of. 

  • Infections Some infections such as urinary tract infections or kidney infections are a common occurrence due to their risk.
  • Blockage In cases, this condition can lead to the forming of blockage as well. This blockage attacks the body and its absolute health degrades. 
  • Irritation in the bladder The risk also includes bladder irritation in the future. can be severely discomforting in the future. 
  • Urine blood Some complications one can face also include blood in the urine. In such conditions, updating your doctor and seeking immediate help is very essential.

Sleeping at ease with a stent inserted 

Understanding that a metallic stent is inserted inside your body while you’re asleep is extremely difficult at times. But, with the following steps, you can certainly transfer this into a painless and easy procedure. From this day onwards, by following these tips, have a peaceful sleep.

  • Sleep posture Though the doctors have not specifically mentioned an ideal or a stiff sleeping position but it is beneficial if the patient sleeps on the opposite side of which side the stent is placed. 
  • Over-the-counter medicine Some of the effective medicines that can be used to ease the pain if sensing sudden pain around bedtime are acetaminophen or ibuprofen
  • Avoid exercising The focus is that just before sleeping or around the time, it’s strictly s advised to completely avoid exercising. As it can cause a lot of pain or uneasiness in the body and the body might demand unexpected movements or roll during sleep. 
  • Schedule your meal and fluid intake During this time, taking ample amounts of fluids is strictly advisable. This helps in keeping the body cleansed. Have enough healthy food and stay hydrated. 
  • Alpha-blockers A medication other than over-the-counter medicines, one can keep Alpha-blockers, a pain curable medicine, which must be used only when prescribed by the doctor. 

The procedure of Stent Removal

A stent removal also called dj stenting procedure, if performed by an expert surgeon, can take just 10-30seconds time. Whereas the procedure includes the shifting from room to the surgical room and back to the patient’s time. Also, an estimated time of 30 minutes is usual in most cases. While doing the stent removal process, the surgeon takes the following steps. 

  • Firstly, a cystoscope is carefully placed from the urethra part of the body and gradually it reaches out to the bladder. 
  • Next, tiny clamps that are clinging to the cystoscope head toward grabbing the stent very carefully. 
  • The final step is where the stent is very smoothly taken out of its implanted place and then out of the body.

Frequently Asked Questions

How serious is having a kidney stent put in? 

In most cases having a kidney stent put in is moderate. The patients who undergo kidney stone removal experience this stage where the stent is kept in for some time. 

Though, most cases of kidney stones don’t experience any major complications or side effects. At maximum, the patients get bearable side effects. Which, are temporary and go away  

How long can a stent stay in your kidney? 

A stent can be put on for an approximate 3 months time duration. Though a stent can last for a year it should be regularly changed or replaced within a 3 to 4-month time gap. 

Why would you put a stent in a kidney?

Putting on a stent is known to be an effective way which decreases the ongoing pain of passing stones through urine. With the help of a ureteral stent, the patient gets the required relief and easy passage of stones combined with urine. The stent support is a good alternative to help the proper drainage of urine into a bag which is placed outside the body.

What can I do after removing a kidney stent? 

Post stent removal, make sure to give an advisable gap to start with some minor and major activities. Give yourself and your body some time to adjust to daily activities or routine life. Shift to effort-taking activities after feeling fully recovered. 

What are the side effects of stent fracture during stent insertion in the kidney? 

A few of the common side effects or the risk factors that often appear while the stent insertion is carefully done by the surgeon are blood clots, arteries are-narrowed, sudden bleeding and some rare risks are kidney complications, stroke or heart attack etc. 

Stent cost used for kidney stones?

Since there are different stents available. So, the pricing differs according to the specific stent used. But, usually, a stent used in most cases is in the price range between 40,000 to 1,90,000. 

How to get relief from.a kidney stent pain?

A kidney stent when inserted and sent removed post-procedure can cause slight discomfort and pain, to get relief from it, one can go for an over-the-counter medicine such as Ibuprofen. Taking this at bedtime is the ideal time to release pain and have relaxed sleep at night.

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