Itraconazole Capsules 200 mg – Itraconazole capsule is a fungicidal ( medication to prevent fungal growth or kill fungi and spores) agent. Itraconazole capsules are a broad-spectrum medication for fungal infections like aspergillosis, blastomycosis, candidiasis, histoplasmosis, and superficial mycoses. Itraconazole capsules are available in 100 mg or 200mg tablets and 10 mg/mL oral suspensions. Daily dosage can be 100-400 mg based on the severity of yeast or fungal infections. It may cause specific side effects like rashes, hypokalemia, vomiting, diarrhea, and nausea, 

Benefits of Itraconazole Capsule

Various benefits that medicine  Itraconazole Capsule (200mg) serve

  • 1. Itraconazole capsules are essential for treating severe yeast or fungal infections.
  • 2. Esophageal or oropharyngeal candidiasis can be treated (thrush, oral thrush).
  • 3. Fungal infections like aspergillosis (fungal infection of lungs)
  • 4. Blastomycosis ( also called Gilchrist’s disease)
  • 5. Histoplasmosis (also called Darling’s disease).
  • 6. Help in treating onychomycosis (fungal infection of fingernails).
  • 7. The medication works by preventing the growth of yeast or fungus and killing the microorganism.

Itraconazole Capsule Uses 

Itraconazole capsules are useful as broad-spectrum therapy to treat fungal infections –

  • 1. Blastomycosis
  • 2. Aspergillosis
  • 3. Histoplasmosis
  • 4. Candidiasis
  • 5. Superficial mycoses. 

Itraconazole Capsule Dosage & How to Take 

The dosage of Itraconazole Capsule is 100 – 400 mg to be taken daily based on severity and type of fungal infection. 

The dosages are variable in various patients depending on their type of infection and severity of the disease. It is highly advisable to take expert consultation before taking any of these medications. Directions must be followed to prevent significant side effects and complications. Do not try to alter the dosage as prescribed by the doctors according to your own will, as it may harm, exaggerate or delay the treatment.

The strength of the medication is also a factor that decides the dosage or amount of medication to be taken. Disease severity or medical condition decides the number of doses and the time between the two doses. The number of days or weeks for which a medicinal plan is devised for a patient is also customized in certain patients.

Usually, the itraconazole capsule dose is not more than 400mg/day. The dosage is advised as two capsules of 200mg itraconazole capsule per day.

For children, the itraconazole capsule dosage must be consulted by the doctor each time they need it for fungal treatment.

Itraconazole capsule dosage for treating the following infections: 

To treat aspergillosis: 200 – 400 mg itraconazole capsule is given per day.

To treat histoplasmosis or blastomycosis: 200 mg itraconazole capsules are given twice a day.

To treat onychomycosis on fingernails: 200mg itraconazole capsules are given twice daily for one week. Then there is a period of no treatment for 3 weeks. Again, 200mg itraconazole capsules are given twice daily for 1 week.

To treat onychomycosis on toenails: 200 mg itraconazole capsules are given only once a day regularly for 12 weeks.

Itraconazole Capsule Side Effects 

Some of the side effects of the medication Itraconazole Capsule to treat fungal or yeast infections are:

  • 1. Nausea
  • 2. Vomiting
  • 3. Diarrhea
  • 4. Rash
  • 5. Hypokalemia
  • 6. Headache
  • 7. Stomach upset
  • 8. Dizziness 
  • 9. Gastrointestinal disturbances

Itraconazole Capsule Related Warnings

Warnings that should be taken before considering treatment

Itraconazole capsules should not be recommended to patients who are at higher risk of getting a heart attack. It may cause the worsening of heart diseases.

Immediate doctor consultation must be taken in case heart failure symptoms develop like :

  • 1. Breathlessness
  • 2. Swelling or edema in feet or ankles
  • 3. Fatigue or tiredness
  • 4. Weight gain

Itraconazole capsules prevent other medications from getting cleared from the body system. The delay in removing medicines like colchicine or ticagrelor ( a blood thinner) may cause fatal health consequences.

Itraconazole Capsule Contraindications

Certain contraindications for itraconazole capsule usage: 

  • 1. Itraconazole Capsule poses potential cardiotoxicity and is harmful to patients with a history of cardiac diseases or heart failure.
  • 2. Itraconazole capsules are also contraindicated in pregnant women or the women who decide to get pregnant as it has embryotoxic effects.
  • 3. According to studies, it has also posed a teratogenic effect on the animal fetus.

Itraconazole Capsule Interactions with Food and Alcohol 

The interaction of food, alcohol or other drugs with the itraconazole Capsule is different and poses different risks and side effects on different patients. 

Food tends to increase absorption of the medication (itraconazole capsules). Taking the prescribed dose of itraconazole capsules is recommended after a complete meal. 

Frequently Asked Questions

What is itraconazole 200 mg used for?

Itraconazole capsules are used to treat mild to severe fungal or yeast infections. The dosage varies depending on the patient’s age and the infection’s severity.

What is the dosage for itraconazole capsule 200 mg?

The dosage for itraconazole capsules of 200mg varies from patient to patient depending on the age, whether the patient is a child or adult and how severe is the health condition.

Are the side effects of medication itraconazole 200 mg mild or severe?

Side effects of the itraconazole capsules include:

  • 1. Gastrointestinal disturbances
  • 2. Nausea
  • 3. Mild diarrhea
  • 4. Vomiting
  • 5. Abdominal pain

The side effects are mostly mild

Is itraconazole a steroid?

Itraconazole capsule is not a steroid. It is a medication to treat a fungal infection called antifungal medication, belonging to the category of triazoles. It is highly efficient as an antifungal medicine and helps minimize itching and inflammation due to infection.

How safe is itraconazole?

Itraconazole is a safer medicine to treat common fungal infections. The medication can be well tolerated and is effective with minor side effects. Adverse events that can occur as a result of itraconazole medication are

  • 1. Gastrointestinal upset
  • 2. Headache
  • 3. Mild skin reaction
  • 4. These are not major health issues.

Some precautions must be taken after taking the medication as it may cause dizziness and even blurred vision. Therefore, driving must be avoided immediately after taking the medication as it may pose an unwanted danger.

Can itraconazole cause liver damage?

Itraconazole therapy may have some side effects, but eventually, they are not major health problems. In some patients, itraconazole capsules may cause moderate serum alterations and acute injury to the liver.  

Does itraconazole cause hair loss?

It has been observed in certain patients solely on the itraconazole treatment plan that they were experiencing hair loss. When the dose of itraconazole was reduced, hair loss also declined. Again for the treatment purpose, the medication (itraconazole) was given, and there was again the complaint about hair loss. Eventually, the course of hair loss in the patients suggested that hair loss is induced by itraconazole.

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