International Women’s Health Day 2022 is celebrated every year on 28 May. This day is also known as International Day for the Action of Women’s Health. The purpose of celebrating this day is to give women information about their health.

Women are often unable to pay attention to their health due to work, studies, and family responsibilities. After this, even if the disease begins, they cannot recognize the symptoms, and over time they can take the form of a serious disease. Therefore, women should take special care of their health. This article will learn about common diseases faced by women, their symptoms, and ways to avoid them.

Breast Cancer

Breast cancer is considered to be the most common problem among women. This problem can happen due to hormonal changes or other reasons. Breast cancer occurs when there is damage to the DNA of the breast cell. Mutations of BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes can increase the risk of breast cancer and can be passed on from parents to children.

Mammograms and MRIs can diagnose breast cancer. Breast cancer is treated by lumpectomy, which is a procedure to remove breast cancer tumours. Breast cancer can be avoided by controlling weight.

Heart Disease

The heart-related problem has become a very common disease in men and women. The heart is the most important organ of the human body. From the time the embryo is formed, the heart starts its work and continues to do so till death. Women are at higher risk of heart-related diseases, including:

Atherosclerosis: It occurs due to the hardening of the arteries. This leads to heart attack and stroke.

Abnormal Heart Arrhythmias: In this condition, the heart’s rhythm becomes abnormal.

Dilated Cardiomyopathy: In this condition, the heart muscles become thick and rigid, due to fatigue, swelling of the legs, swelling, and shortness of breath.

Causes of Heart Disease

  • 1. Diabetes
  • 2. Obesity
  • 3. Smoking
  • 4. Family history
  • 5. Depression

Women with diabetes, kidney disease, and high blood pressure have a higher risk of developing heart disease.

Ways to Avoid Heart Disease

  • 1. Reduce intake of fried foods and salt
  • 2. Keep healthy lifestyle
  • 3. Exercise for at least 3 to 4 days
  • 4. Do not drink alcohol
  • 5. Quit smoking
  • 6. Take medicines on time
  • 7. Control cholesterol
  • 8. Control blood pressure
  • 9. Don’t stress
  • 10. Keep diabetes under control
  • 11. Have a balanced diet


Women sometimes feel sad. If these feelings persist for a long time, they can affect the woman and the people around her. This condition is called depression. It should be talked about openly.

The Causes of Depression Are :

  • 1. Genetics
  • 2. Stress
  • 3. Nutritional deficiency
  • 4. Chemical imbalance in the brain
  • 5. Some incidents
  • 6. Health condition
  • 7. Hormone imbalance

Depression Treatment

  • 1. Talk openly to avoid depression and also see a doctor
  • 2. People suffering from depression should get enough sleep
  • 3. Must exercise daily
  • 4. Must eat nutritious food
  • 5. Stay away from social networking


Obesity in women can be due to polycystic ovary syndrome. Obese women also have an increased risk of diabetes and heart disease.Obesity can be caused by:

  • 1. Stress
  • 2. Genetics
  • 3. Not being active
  • 4. Do not eat food
  • 5. Overuse of drugs
  • 6. Depression
  • 7. Heart disease
  • 8. Cancer

Reduce obesity like this:

  • 1. Daily exercise
  • 2. Proper nutrition
  • 3. Change in lifestyle
  • 4. Avoid sweets
  • 5. Avoid fried foods
  • 6. Avoid overeating


Diabetes is a metabolic disorder that occurs when the body does not produce enough insulin. There are two types of diabetes, type 1 and type 2. The causes of diabetes in women are:

  • 1. Old age
  • 2. Overweight
  • 3. Genetic
  • 4. Lack of exercise
  • 5. High cholesterol
  • 6. High blood pressure
  • 7. Polycystic ovary syndrome

Ways to Stay Away From Diabetes

  • 1. Have a good diet
  • 2. Do the exercise
  • 3. Avoid weight gain
  • 4. Do not drink alcohol
  • 5. Quit smoking
  • 6. Drink enough water
  • 7. Avoid fried foods
  • 8. Maintain healthy blood cholesterol
  • 9. Keep blood pressure under control

Frequently Asked Questions ( FAQ’s)

What are the 3 main aims of celebrating International Women’s Day?

The three main aims of celebrating International Women’s Day is to raise awareness regarding women’s equality, respect and parity.

How do we celebrate International Women’s Day

International Women’s Day is celebrated to observe the cultural, political, and socioeconomic achievements of women. The day focuses on women’s rights movement and brings attention to several issues such as gender equality, violence, reproductive rights and abuse against women

Who started International Women’s Day?

In 1910, Clara Zetkin, the leader of the Women’s Office for the Democratic Party in Germany, tabled the idea of an International Women’s Day at the second International Conference of Working Women in Copenhagen.

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