How to Prevent Kidney Stones – Kidney Stones are different types of solid and small crystals which has different food culprits and causes. Some kidney stones are because of kidney infection, and others may form because you have a high amount of specific minerals in your body. 

Moreover, in this condition, genes play a vital role too. It has been seen that almost 40% of people who develop kidney stones have relatives who also have stones. It might be because their body has high calcium or low citrate in their urine. However, the right amount of water, food, and medication can decrease the chances of developing kidney stones in your body. 

Tips for Preventing Kidney Stones

Tip 1 – Stay Hydrated 

When you need to prevent kidney stones, staying hydrated or drinking plenty of water or fluids is a must. Fluids dilute and raise the volume of the stone-forming substances in the urine, which helps in making them less likely to crystallize. But, not all types of fluids equally qualify for the exerts. For example, a high amount of water intake decreases the risk of forming kidney stones. Moreover, beverages like tea, wine, coffee, and orange juice can also be included to stay hydrated. 

Tip 2 – Increase the Intake of Citric Acid

Citric acid is a type of organic acid that is found in many vegetables and fruits, especially citrus fruits. Limes and lemons are especially rich in the plant compound. Citric acid may be helpful for you in preventing calcium oxalate kidney stones in the following ways.

Preventing the formation of stones – it can decrease the risk of new stone formation through the binding of calcium with urine. 

Preventing the enlargement of stones – citric acid binds with calcium oxalate crystals to prevent stones from getting enlarged. This can be helpful in passing these crystals before they get into the larger stones. 

Tip 3 – Consume Enough Calcium 

It’s a common misconception that you should consume less calcium to lower your risk of developing calcium-containing stones. This is not the case, though. In contrast, a rich calcium diet has been linked to a lower chance of developing kidney stones.

Risk Factors that develop Kidney Stones 


Low intake of water can increase the risk of developing stones in your kidneys. Moreover, people who live in dry and warm climates and people who sweat a lot are at higher risk of having kidney stones. 


Having a heavy weight or being obese can be another major factor in developing kidney stones. 


Consuming a diet rich in protein, sugar, and sodium might increase the risk of developing kidney stones. A high intake of sodium or salt in your diet can raise the amount of calcium that your kidneys have to filter, which further develops a higher risk of stones in your kidneys. 

Family History

If anyone from your family has ever had kidney stones, then you are more likely to develop kidney stones. Moreover, if you have had kidney stones once, then you have more chance of developing another kidney stone.   

Diet Chart for Preventing Kidney Stones 





Salad with low sodium dressing 

Wild rice 


Whole grain bread 



Yogurt parfait 

Yogurt dill sauce 

Do’s and Dont’s 



Drink water and stay hydrated 

Excess of sodium or salty foods 

Include veggies 

Avoid meat, fish, and red meat   

Include fruits 


Caffeinated drinks 

Avoid sugary drinks and alcohol 

Vitamin C 



If you have kidney stones, then you must need to take some precautions to stop the formation of more stones. Moreover, if you are looking for kidney stone removal surgery, then you are on the right page, contact us from our website and get free expert consultation.  

Frequently Asked Questions

Q1. What are the foods that cause kidney stones?

Chocolate, beets, tea, nuts, and rhubarb are stone-forming foods and may increase the chances of developing stones in your kidney. You must avoid being rich in oxalate foods as it can contribute to the formation of kidney stones. 

Q2. What are the top five ways to prevent kidney stones? 

  • 1. Consume less sodium
  • 2. Reduce the intake of animal protein 
  • 3. Stay hydrated 
  • 4. Add rich in calcium foods

Q3. Does citric acid help in preventing kidney stones? 

Yes, citric acid may be helpful for you in preventing calcium oxalate kidney stones. Moreover, it can decrease the risk of new stone formation through the binding of calcium with urine. 

Q4. Is coffee good for kidney stones?

Yes, 1,5 cups of coffee a day can help in reducing the chances of kidney stones by almost 40%.

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