It is also known as hypertension. It arises when the force of the blood is against the artery wall and caused many health problems like heart disease. It is due to the amount of blood our heart pumps and blood flow resistance in the arteries. In simple words, the blood flows through arteries at very high pressure, also known as a ‘silent killer, as it consists of two numbers, i.e., SYSTOLIC PRESSURE and DIASTOLIC PRESSURE.

Systolic pressure consists of the upper and first number that measures the pressure in the arteries when the heart beats. Diastolic pressure is a second and lower number that measures the pressure in the arteries between the beats. It is easily detectable and is measured by an upper and lower number of 130 or higher for upper and 80 or high for lower numbers.

High Blood Pressure Symptoms

  • 1. Severe headaches
  • 2. Nosebleed
  • 3. Tiredness or confusion
  • 4. Vision problems
  • 5. Chest pain
  • 6. Difficulty in breathing
  • 7. Irregular heartbeats
  • 8. Blood in the urine
  • 9. Nausea or vomiting
  • 10. Dizziness
  • 11. Sweating
  • 12. Trouble in sleeping
  • 13. Blood spots in eyes
  • 14. Facial flushing
  •  

Causes High Blood Pressure

The exact reasons are unknown but several causes are

  • 1. Smoking
  • 2. Obesity
  • 3. Lack of physical activity
  • 4. Consumption of salty foods
  • 5. Drinking alcohol
  • 6. Stress
  • 7. Age factor more than 60
  • 8. Hereditary problems
  • 9. Genetics
  • 10. Lack of sleep
  • 11. Irregular exercise
  • 12. Consumption of caffeine products
  •  

It may also caused by several health conditions like

  • 1. Chronic kidney disease
  • 2. Diabetes’
  • 3. Hormone problems include thyroid problem
  • 4. Lupus is related to the immune system
  • 5. Scleroderma related to organs
  • 6. Some Medicines can be the reason for high blood pressure
  • 7. Contraceptive pills
  • 8. Steroids
  • 9. Herbal remedies include licorice
  • 10. NSAIDS
  • 11. Cocaine and amphetamines
  •  

5 Tips for preventing high blood pressure

  • 1. Control your weight and maintain your waistline
  • 2. Regularity in exercise
  • 3. Take a properly balanced diet
  • 4. Reduce consumption of salt in food
  • 5. Limit alcohol consumption
  • 6. Quit smoking and take better sleep
  •  

High Blood Pressure Diet

  • 1. Citrus fruits
  • 2. Salmon and other fatty fish
  • 3. Swiss chard
  • 4. Pumpkin seeds
  • 5. Beans and lentils
  • 6. Berries
  • 7. Pistachios
  • 8. Carrots
  • 9. Celery
  • 10. Tomatoes and its products
  • 11. Broccoli
  • 12. Greek yogurt
  • 13. Herbs and spices
  • 14. Chia and flax seeds
  • 15. Beetroot juice
  • 16. Spinach
  •  

Reasons for High Blood Pressure

  • 1. Obstructive sleep apnea
  • 2. Kidney disease
  • 3. Thyroid problems
  • 4. Adrenal gland tumors
  • 5. Congenital problems since birth
  • 6. Due to some medicines like oral contraceptive pills, cold remedies, etc.
  •  

Food for High Blood Pressure

A properly balanced diet has to be maintained to control high blood pressure, and this diet includes 

Vegetables like spinach, broccoli, and carrots.

  • 1. Fruits like apples, oranges, and bananas
  • 2. Fish that are enriched with omega-3
  • 3. Eggs
  • 4. Low-fat dairy products
  • 5. Pulses
  • 6. Consumption of Whole grains
  • 7. Skinless chicken
  • 8. Celery
  • 9. Oatmeal
  • 10. Beetroot 
  • 11. Pumpkin and sunflower seeds
  •  

Yoga for High Blood Pressure

To control the increased arterial blood pressure, yoga can help to cure this

  • 1. Standing forward bend pose
  • 2. Legs up the wall pose
  • 3. Downward facing dog pose
  • 4. Seated forward bend pose
  • 5. Bridge pose
  •  

Home Remedies for High Blood Pressure

Certain home remedies can be taken to treat hypertension. Those remedies are

  • 1. Take a warm bath or shower
  • 2. Do a breathing exercise
  • 3. Relax and learn to manage stress
  • 4. Prioritizing sleep
  • 5. Reduce consumption of sodium and alcohol
  • 6. Increase consumption of potassium-rich foods
  • 7. Take medication
  •  

High Blood Pressure Medication

There are many medications used to treat high blood pressure as they are antihypertensives.

They are divided into various categories, and every medicine has its characteristics to act on the body.

Doctors will suggest the best medicine and treatment to treat high blood pressure. Some of the medications are mentioned below;-

  • 1. Diuretics includes chlorthalidone (hygroton), Chlorothiazide (diuril), hydrochlorothiazide (hydrpdiuril, microzide), Indapamide (lozol), metolazone(zaraxolyn).
  • 2. Beta-blockers include Sectral, Tenormin, kerlone, Zebeta, ziac, Lopressor etc.
  • 3. Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors include Lotensin, Capoten, Vasotec, Monopril, etc.
  • 4. Angiotensin II receptor blockers include Atacand, teveten, Avapro, Cozaar, etc.
  • 5. Calcium channel blockers include amlodipine, diltiazem, felodipine, etc.
  • 6. Vasodilators includes apresoline, loniten.
  •  

Some patients, like pregnant women, African-Americans, and elderly patients, need specific medications for treating hypertension. Each of them needs different medications to treat this.    

High Blood Pressure Tablets

There are some of the best tablets which are used to treat hypertension.

  • 1. Metoprolol
  • 2. Benicar
  • 3. Norvasc
  • 4. Lisinopril
  • 5. Losartan
  • 6. Atenolol
  • 7. Nifedipine
  • 8. Bystollic
  • 9. Lopressor
  • 10. Diovan
  • 11. Enalapril
  • 12. Hydralazine
  •  

Conclusion

High blood pressure can disturb your regular activities. So it is important to control this condition before it leads to a severe problem. If you have high blood pressure issue then you must try treat it at home first before taking any medications. You can improve your diet such as reducing the intake of salt can be the best way to control your high blood pressure. 

Frequently Asked Questions

What do you feel when your blood pressure is high?

It has been observed that blood pressure is a silent disease, and it can occur without any abnormal symptoms and feelings. However, you may have moderate headaches, anxiety, nosebleeds, etc. 

What is the leading cause of high blood pressure?

Unhealthy lifestyle and not having enough physical activities can be significant causes of high blood pressure. 

Does anxiety cause high blood pressure?

Yes, because anxiety is one of the significant symptoms of high blood pressure.

How do you decrease the level of blood pressure quickly?

Prioritizing sleeping, avoiding stressful situations, and avoiding or reducing the consumption of salt and processed food can help control high blood pressure. 

What is normal blood pressure by age?

In males, the average blood pressure is 125.5 for the age group of 51-55. Whereas, in the female, it is 115.5 for the age group of 21-25.

What is stroke level blood pressure?

If your blood pressure reading is about 180/120, it is considered a stroke level. 

How to Control High Blood Pressure?

Maintaining a healthy diet, exercising regularly, reducing the intake of salt, reducing stress, etc., can help control the blood pressure level. 

What is the High Blood Pressure range?

If high blood pressure ranges between 140/90mm, it is considered a high blood pressure range.

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