Hiatal hernia is a common medical condition. This occurs when due to the opened up diaphragm, sudden bulging in the chest is felt, It is often found in females, especially in women above age 60 years. It is mainly of two major types. These types are explained below. 

The types of Hiatal hernia and explain each one of them?

Sliding hiatal hernia In a sliding hiatal hernia, as the name implies, the esophagus and the abdomen slightly slide up through the empty diaphragm and reach the chest location. This dislocation is then corrected through hiatal hernia treatment. 

Paraesophageal hiatal hernia This type of hiatal hernia is also classified as a strangulated hernia. In a paraesophageal, which is known to be a more severe condition, the complication differs. Here, the stomach squeezes and reaches the esophagus. This further results in loss of blood supply.

Other types of hiatal hernia Along with the two above-mentioned types of hiatal hernia the sliding hernia or the rolling hernia, two more types have been brought to the definition recently. 

These are both a combination of sliding as well as rolling hernia with a slight difference in their defining characteristics. Where one has the displaced a gastroesophageal, the other holds to have a herniation of viscera.


In conclusion, hiatal hernia is one of the most common types of Hermia that often requires a doctor’s consultation and surgical treatment to correct it. In case of resonating with any one of the two types and in case of experiencing other relatable symptoms, get in touch with your doctor. Go through an examination and plan out the right treatment. 

Frequently Asked Questions

Which are the worst types of Hiatal hernia? 

Amongst the hiatal hernia major types classified, the paraesophageal hernia is known to be the most dangerous type of hernia. This is due to this hernia condition, the abdomen generally results from squeezing in and stopping the blood flow. 

When do I need to worry about a hernia? 

A hernia is a slow-paced growing medical condition, which might or might not always give visible signs. Thus, one must be conscious of it especially if the symptoms start to give discomfort in daily lifestyle if the pain rises or becomes unbearable and more importantly when the bulging becomes darker or red. 

Main symptoms of hiatal hernia? 

Some of the noteworthy symptoms when looking for a hiatal hernia condition are experiencing heartAche or heartburn, forming of blood clots, having difficulty swallowing food, black-coloured stools or blood mixed when vomiting, pain in affected parts like the abdomen or chest and experience heavy breathing. 

How do I check myself for Hernia?

Simply, to identify a hernia start with looking for a physical sign like bulging or swelling, look for it around pubic bones. Also, try coughing a few times, does it feel painful? If so, it can be an evident sign of a hernia. 

Hiatal hernia pain areas?

Mainly, a hiatal hernia starts with an unwanted bulging. Due to this bulging the pain occurs in the chest and upper stomach area. The pain areas can further stretch and get to other parts of the body, especially the parts which surround the abdomen.

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