PCOD (Polycystic Ovarian Disease)

PCOS (Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome)

According to the estimations, about 1/3rd of women around the world have PCOD and therefore the disease is very common among females.

PCOS is a syndrome or complex condition affecting fewer women in comparison to PCOD.

PCOD may or may not affect fertility condition of women. Largely, the women are able to conceive with no or little efforts of lifestyle changes and prescribed medications.

PCOS is a syndrome that adversely affects the women’s fertility. In case of PCOS, woman are unable to ovulate regularly because of endocrine imbalance, it becomes immensely difficult to get pregnant in such a situation.

PCOD does not pose as serious complications as that of PCOS. There may be Irregular periods, weight gain, acne, and pelvic pain.


PCOS pose serious health problems like heart disease, Type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure,  and endometrial cancer (advanced stage).

PCOD may be treated with the appropriate dietary regime and exercise plan.

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) cannot be cured completely, only the symptoms may be controlled to make life easier via medications and lifestyle changes.

PCOD is not associated with the release of large amounts of male hormones like that in PCOS, therefore PCOD symptoms can go unnoticed are nit that frequent.

Women with PCOS face lot of problems from early stage of life as soon as their ovaries start forming cysts and cause serious complications. They often struggle from younger age itself.

PCOD patients do not face the threat of highly complicated metabolic disorders

PCOS is inherent or genetic. The patients diagnosed with PCOS have to face the threat of getting all kind of associated metabolic disorders like diabetes, obesity, and hypertension.

Women with PCOD may experience moderate symptoms that are manageable with dietary and lifestyle changes.

Women with PCOS often need treatment for hormonal imbalance and infertility treatment.

If anyone experiences symptoms associated with PCOD, it becomes crucial to consult an expert gynaecologist for better diagnosis and treat PCOD problem.  An endocrinologist may also be consulted for all the problems related to hormonal imbalance. Cardiologists also help in managing heart diseases and other heart-related health conditions that may develop in patients suffering from PCOS.

PCOD/PCOS Symptoms 

PCOD is a disease not associated with health issues regarding the entire body and its metabolism. It primarily affects only the female reproductive system and that too the ovaries. Women’s reproductive system consists of many organs and two ovaries that play an important role in reproduction. They have eggs stored in them that are released every month. These eggs are also called ova or egg cells. The ovaries have another important function of synthesizing and releasing hormones progesterone and estrogen.

The ovaries also release androgen (the male hormone). The synthesis or production of androgen can get disrupted in PCOD, causing the abnormal release of androgen.

Some of the Common Symptoms of PCOD and PCOS are: 

  • 1. Irregular menstrual cycle, sometimes they are unpredictable
  • 2. Heavy menstrual bleeding 
  • 3. Abnormal body hair
  • 4. Acne
  • 5. Obesity
  • 6. Hair loss 
  • 7. Male pattern baldness
  • 8. Difficulty getting pregnant
  • 9. Sleep disorders
  • 10. Depression

PCOD/PCOS causes 

PCOD causes are not clear, and there may be both environmental and genetic causes like 

  • 1. Unhealthy food habits
  • 2. Sedentary lifestyle
  • 3. Medicines that influence hormone levels
  • 4. Supplements
  • 5. PCOD problems running in families (hereditary factor) 

Some of the Physiological causes are:

Excess production of the hormone insulin:

Insulin is produced in the pancreas to help regulate blood sugar and various metabolic functions. According to research, high insulin levels are considered one of the major drivers leading to PCOS. Abnormally high insulin levels also lead to increased production of male hormones (androgen), inhibiting ovulation.


Several physiological causes lead to low-intensity inflammation in some body parts. Physiological reasons include mild inflammation in the body tissues due to autoimmune diseases. In some cases, the autoimmune disease may also increase androgen levels in the body. 

High levels of Androgen:

Androgen is the male hormone that causes more hair, especially on the body and face. Acne, outbreaks, and other skin issues related to pigmentation pose a greater risk of various cardiovascular diseases. 

PCOD/PCOS cancer risk 

There are numerous cancer risks associated with PCOS rather than PCOD.

  • 1. The risk of the development of endometrium cancer is higher in the case of women suffering from PCOS. 
  • 2. There is a risk of ovarian and breast cancer, but not higher than endometrial cancer. 
  • 3. Estimations indicate a 2.7-fold higher risk of endometrial cancer in PCOS women. 


Diet is crucial to be focused on to help deal with PCOD as well as PCOS problems and manage symptoms.

  • 1. Lower levels of carbohydrates in the diet 
  • 2. Fresh vegetables and fruits 
  • 3. Avoid processed
  • 4. Do not consume packaged foods 

Frequently Asked Questions 

 Which is curable, PCOD or PCOS?

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is not curable; only symptoms are managed by medication, diet, and other lifestyle changes. There are various treatment options for PCOS and PCOD, as problems associated with PCOD can be cured. Therefore, PCOS is a more serious health abnormality, while PCOD complications are not that serious. 

Can a girl get pregnant with PCOD?

Yes, girls can get pregnant if they are suffering from PCOD. Women suffering from PCOS most often struggle in getting pregnant. However, a complication arising in pregnancy can be dealt with with various medicine as prescribed by the doctors.  

Can PCOD be cured permanently?

According to various research, no permanent solution to PCOD is present. Mostly women with PCOD can have a relatively normal lifestyle. A healthy and active lifestyle may be led by managing symptoms like weight gain, irregular periods, acne, facial hair, and infertility. 

Is PCOD a lifelong disease?

PCOD can be managed with medications and lifestyle changes but PCOS lead to diseases that often persist lifelong. PCOS causes female infertility affect large number of women and cause disease and health problems beyond their reproductive age. 

Which one among PCOD and PCOS is considered a serious problem?

Women suffering from PCOS have a higher risk of developing serious health diseases like high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, blood vessels and heart diseases, and uterine cancer. There are problems in getting pregnant with PCOS women, and medications are available to deal with pregnancy problems arising from PCOD. Still, it becomes highly difficult for women having PCOS.

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