Cupuliform cataract Symptoms and Causes – If you have been dealing with eye disease or started to face difficulties while seeing clearly. Well, it can be a cupuliform cataract (Posterior subcapsular cataract). Though the accurate diagnosis is conducted by the concerned doctor only, it is always an added benefit to know in detail about the condition as early as possible. 

Defining Cupuliform Cataract 

In medical terms, a cupuliform cataract is commonly called a posterior subcapsular cataract. Within this type of cataract, the eye lens becomes cloudy causing intense difficulty for a person to see the outer world. 

Also, in most cases, this develops eventually and not all at once, so if identified should not be left untreated and the age group most likely to get this type of cataract is anyone above the age of 50. But, at the same time may develop in young age groups as well. 

cupuliform cataract shape It is located in the area of the cortex and is of saucer or a disc shape. 

In this condition, the vision gets worse during the bright illumination of the light and the lens appears to be grey. 

cupuliform cataract origin Its initial origin starts as a small opaque formation I’m at the back side of the lens which is the direct path where the light enters. 

Further, it obstructs the vision as blockage created by the light trying to enter the eyes makes it severely difficult for the person to read or do other daily activities. 

Is a cupuliform cataract one of the types of cataracts?

Cataracts are known to be significant of three major types according to their location of occurrence. 

Amongst the three main types of cataracts, one of the most common is a Posterior subcapsular cataract which is also known as a cupuliform cataract ( forms at the back of the lens). 

The other two types of cataracts are Nuclear Sclerosis Cataracts formed at the center of the lens and cortical cataracts formed at the outer layer of the lens. 

Causes of cupuliform cataract The main cause of cupuliform cataract or posterior subcapsular cataract is the clumping up or the collecting up of the protein fibre at the back side of the lens.  

This further causes disruption of the transparency of the protein fibre already present there and results in opacity. Other causes include steroid exposure, aging, diabetics, atopic dermatitis, or blunt trauma 

Symptoms of cupuliform cataract To identify a cupuliform cataract in a person, the symptoms to look for are glare or halos, near vision loss, contrast sensitivity reduction, or blurry vision. 

Treatment of cupuliform cataract Two ways to deal with a cupuliform cataract are initially, in small cases it can be tried out through spectacle but this does not fully cure the condition. Further, the best way is through surgery for a cupuliform cataract.  


To conclude the above information, it is essential that this information should look as a basic understanding of the condition, so that it helps you to prepare your doubts and queries to properly be placed in front of the concerned doctor. 

Further, it is highly recommended to talk to your doctor without any hesitation about the exact condition and its current symptoms you’re dealing with. 

Lastly, one of the best places for medical help you can take is through Glamyo Health. The team has dedicated medical coordinators, highly experienced doctors, and well infrastructures hospitals for all your consultation with the surgical procedure. 

Frequently Asked Questions

Q. What is a cuneiform cataract?

A type of eye condition that is also called a posterior subcapsular cataract is initially found in the inferior nasal quadrant and generally grows slowly and gradually. 

Q. What are the 3 types of cataracts?

The three main types of cataracts divided according to the difference in the clouding of the lens are Nuclear Sclerotic Cataracts, Cortical Subcapsular Cataracts, and Cortical Cataracts. 

Q. Why is it called Morgagnian cataract?

A cortical cataract becomes hyper mature and is further defined as a Morgagni cataract for its tracts such as due to the sinking of the dense nucleus and liquefaction of the cortex. Also, it has derived its name from Giovanni Battista Morgagni. 

Q. What is a Zonular cataract?

A zonular cataract is also known as a Lamellar and is generally seen affecting one specific layer of the lens. Its associations are usually linked with either systemic diseases or ocular. 

Q. What is the average age for cataract surgery?

Cataract surgery is generally an age-related surgery. Diagnosed in senior citizens and are developed in ages people more often. Very rare are the cases in which cataract is diagnosed by birth or in the early years of life.

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