CABG (Coronary artery bypass grafting) is a process that helps in restoring the blood flow to your heart. The blockage of the artery can disrupt the blood flow and leads to heart attack or similar symptoms. CABG surgery is performed for restoring the blood flow through using blood vessels of the different body parts for creating a detour around the blockage. 

What is CABG Surgery?

The CABG procedure bypasses blood close to the area of the heart’s partially or completely blocked artery. An unblocked blood vessel from your arm, chest, or leg is used in the procedure, and it is connected to the arteries above and below the obstructed ones in the heart. The blood supply to the cardiac muscles is enhanced in the new pathway.

This surgery does not helps in curing the diseases of the heart that leads to blockages, like shortness of breath and chest pain. This process may improve the functions of the heart and also helps in reducing the risk of heart disease. 

Risks with CABG Sugery?

Coronary bypass surgery may lead to complications during or after the process. Some complications involve the following:

  • 1. An irregular rhythm of your heart
  • 2. Kidney problems 
  • 3. Stroke 
  • 4. Infections near the chest wounds 
  • 5. Bleeding 
  • 6. Heart attack 
  • 7. Memory loss 
  •  

However, the chances of complications are low or rare, and it depends on your health before undergoing surgery. When you have to undergo surgery during an emergency or if you have any medical condition like emphysema, blocked arteries, kidney disease and diabetes then the chances of complications increases.  

Why is CABG done? 

CABG is only treatment option that helps in treating blocked arteries in your heart. Your doctor may recommend it if you are having the following: 

  • 1. Severe chest pain because of various arteries that benefits in supplying heart muscles.
  • 2. This surgery can also be done when the left coronary artery is blocked or narrowed as it helps in supplying blood to the left ventricle artery. 
  • 3. You previously had angioplasty or stent placement.
  • 4. When one or more coronary artery is diagnosed with disease, the ventricle and main pumping chamber are not properly functioning.
  •  

Moreover, it is also used in situations like heart attacks if you do not have other treatments. 

Surgical Techniques

Beating heart or Off-pump surgery – this process or technique entails performing surgery on the beating heart with the help of special equipment for stabalising the part of the heart where the surgery will be performed. This kind of surgery is a little complicated as the heart is also moving. This technique is recommended to everyone. 

Minimally invasive surgery – your doctor or surgeon will perform coronary bypass by using a small incision in your chest. They use video imaging and robotics that allows surgeons to perform in small or specific part. 

Outcome after the surgery 

Once you have undergone surgery, you will feel better and start noticing that the symptoms after the surgery have gone away and will not recur for the next 10 to 15 years or more. 

The outcome after the surgery will depend on your intake of medications for preventing blood clots, lower cholesterol, and lower blood pressure. Moreover, you just need to follow a healthy lifestyle after the procedure. The following are the things that you should consider after the surgery. 

  • 1. Exercise regularly
  • 2. Manage stress
  • 3. Stop smoking 
  • 4. Maintain and achieve a healthy weight 
  • 5. Maintain a healthy diet plan like the DASH diet
  •  

Conclusion 

If you are looking for CABG surgery, then it is important to have proper guidance or expert consultation before undergoing surgery. You can connect with Glamyo Health anytime for a free consultation with our expert cardiologists. 

Frequently Asked Questions 

Is CABG a critical procedure or surgery?

CABG is a severe surgical method. During the process, atheromatous blockages in the coronary arteries of the patient are bypassed with arterial conduits or harvested venous.

Is CABG an open-heart surgery? 

Coronary artery bypass grafting, or CABG, is generally a type of open-heart surgery. This surgery is mainly performed for adults. People are suffering from atherosclerosis or coronary heart disease. 

What is the success rate of CABG surgery? 

There are two types of CABG surgery which are on-pump and off-pump surgery. The success rate of CABG surgery is about 98%.

What are the major risks associated with CABG? 

An irregular rhythm of your heart, Kidney problems, and infections are some risks that may occur after the surgery or procedure.

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