Cataract surgery is mostly conducted for patients above 45 years. The surgery ensures to correct the cloudiness and hazy vision of the patient by carefully replacing the natural or the damaged lens with an artificial lens. In comparison to other eye treatments such as glaucoma which does not get corrected, cataract surgery is a secure form of correcting the damage caused to the eyes.
Following is a list of some essential facts that one must be aware of before undergoing cataract surgery. This will help the patient become confident that the surgery they are appearing for is the correct decision for their health.
Must know facts about cataract surgery
Two types of cataract surgery
The main types of cataract surgery are divided into two parts: small incision cataract surgery and extracapsular cataract surgery. The major difference between the two is as in a small incision surgery, a small-sized cut is made to break the lens and in the other one, a slightly larger size incision is made to break the lens.
The role of Cataract Surgery is to carefully remove the natural lens and replace it with an artificial lens
A cataract is a medical condition where the vision of a person becomes dull, the lens experiences a loss of transparency, and causes difficulty while focusing clearly. To treat this condition, the surgeon performs a cataract operation removing the damaged lens and replacing it with a clear one.
Cataract surgery may rarely cause risks but if it does, the risk is severe
Although, risks occurring due to cataracts are rare. But, if it may occur, the risks can be vision problems, retinal tears, eye tissue scarring, glaucoma, bleeding, or postoperative infection. These risks can be prevented from occurring with the proper care taken. Make sure to follow each guideline given by your doctor post-operation, very carefully.
After cataract surgery, the vision becomes crystal clear
The difficulty faced due to developed cataracts sometimes disturbs the daily lifestyle of a person. These difficulties include driving, reading, or looking at something near or far. Though, these can also develop due to other eye problems such as eye injury or birth defects.
Therefore, cataract surgery gives an advanced-level surgical procedure to help the patient get relief from these symptoms and restore their normal vision.
For the careful placement of the artificial lens, an incision is made
The cataract surgery procedure’s main initial step after giving anesthesia to the patient is to make the incision which lets the surgeon have access to the natural or the court lens and carefully proceed with the operation by replacing the lens with an artificial lens.
Cataract surgery aims to let the patient see clearly
The outcome of the cataract surgery is majorly designed to ensure that at the end of the surgery and full recovery, the patient can see clearly as the replaced lens brings improved visibility.
For diagnosis, eye exams and other tests are done
Eye surgery is a very sensitive surgery procedure. The surgeon must be very sure of what needs to be done. For this, the surgeon thoroughly examines the eyes of the patient.
This is done, first through a physical exam followed by medical tests which include blood tests, special eye tests, and other tests as per the particular condition of the patient. Also, as per the reports, the doctor shares the exact condition the patient is coping with and gives instructions to be carefully followed.
Initial recovery takes 1-2 weeks, full recovery takes up to 10 weeks
Recovery from a major eye surgery is a gradual process. It takes days and weeks. Though, the patient is usually sent home in a day or two. But, the initial two weeks are very crucial for the full recovery to take place. Further, the doctor gives proper guidelines for the patient to have a smooth recovery along with a prescription for medications to heal.
Cataract surgery is performed by a professional ophthalmologist
Cataract eye surgery is performed only by an ophthalmologist eye surgeon who is skilled, professional and has experience dealing with multiple cataract surgery cases. An ophthalmologist who has prior knowledge, education, and practice in successfully treating different varieties of cataract operations.
Post-surgery, temporary discomfort is normal
After a successful surgery, don’t immediately doubt or stress about your operation results. Any surgery takes some time (days to weeks) for the patient to recover from it. During the surgery, the surgeon uses anesthesia which puts the patient to sleep for a few hours and once the patient wakes up, it is still expected for the patient to be unconscious for a day or two. Gradually, as the patient gains consciousness, the level of discomfort goes away and full recovery takes place.
Frequently Asked Questions
How many days of rest are needed after cataract surgery?
Recovery from cataract surgery may take 2-3 days. It may further exceed a little, which often depends on the condition of an individual patient.
What are the dos and don’ts after cataract surgery?
- 1. Visit your doctor for a follow-up.
- 2. Do take all prescribed medication as per the dosage.
- 3. To protect your eyes from dust, dirt, and harmful rays.
- 4. Do have a healthy diet.
- 5. Do take sufficient sleep.
- 1. Don’t delay in the case. of any side effects or complications.
- 2. Don’t rub or scratch your eyes.
- 3. Don’t take any medication on your own which has not been prescribed.
- 4. Don’t smoke and drink alcohol.
What should I know before having cataract surgery?
Follow these given tips to prepare ourselves for cataract surgery.
- 1. Discuss every detail of your current medication with your doctor before cataract surgery.
- 2. For preparing yourself, be in comfortable clothes.
- 3. Be empty stomach, and don’t drink or eat anything before surgery as instructed by the doctor.
- 4. Learn the recovery process in advance to make arrangements accordingly.
How do you wash your face after cataract surgery?
After cataract surgery, give a day or two days gap before you wash your face. For the initial days, it is better if someone else washes your face. For this, it is restricted to not splashing water directly on your face, rather use a washcloth to carefully clear your face, keeping your eyes untouched.
What do I need to know after cataract surgery?
Cataract surgery can give some post-side effects such as eye swelling, vision loss, redness in the eyes, and persisting pain. But, know that all this is temporary and generally heals with medication and proper care.
Can you walk immediately after cataract surgery?
Cataract surgery may require one to two weeks or even more for a patient to take time to start recovering. Walking after cataract surgery can be started in a few days as the patient gradually gains consciousness.
What are the most common problems after cataract surgery?
Some commonly experienced side effects after cataract surgery include discomfort, itching, irritation, swelling, and allergic reaction. Though, these are temporary side effects that go away with time as the patient takes proper care and heals.
What happens if you blink during cataract surgery?
The surgeon takes care of the patient during the cataract surgery. To make sure that the eyes do not blink, the surgeon puts numbing drops in the eyes.
Why can’t you drink water before cataract surgery?
It is always advised to avoid drinking and eating anything just before or at least 8 hours before surgery. As this is the best time for the body to prepare itself for safe cataract surgery.