Blue dot cataract is a rare and uncommon disease and is also known as cataracts punctate caerulea or cerulean cataracts. It is scattered throughout the nucleus and cortex of the lens, while it is developmental cataracts with blue and white opacifications. It develops at a very young age and is asymptomatic until 18 to 24 months of age. It is found that it is bilateral and progressive. Let’s know about the causes and symptoms of blue dot cataracts. 

Causes of Blue Dot Cataract

  • 1. Though it is found that it is a congenital disease which means it is found in infants since childhood.
  • 2. It is due to the mutation of several genes.
  • 3. It is of autosomal dominant inheritance where the individual gets it from their parents or family.
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Blue Dot Cataracts Symptoms

  • 1. It is asymptomatic
  • 2. It occurs at a very young age or maybe from birth.
  • 3. Blurred or light vision.
  • 4. Photophobia and glare
  • 5. Colored halos
  • 6. Nyctalopia
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Blue Dot Cataracts Signs

  • 1. If the opacities form a ring around the lens of the eye or in the lens equator, then it is known as a Coronary cataract
  • 2. All over the cortex of the lens, there is distinct punctuated blue opacity present.
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Blue Dot Cataract Diagnosis

As you all know, it is asymptomatic, and generally, it requires no surgery until adulthood, but if you start facing problems like blurred or dim visions or loss of vision in one or both eyes, then you can prefer to opt for surgery, and it is diagnosable with a slit lamp examination that demonstrates microscopic blue or white opacities from the superficial nucleus layer.

Blue Dot Cataract Treatment

As this is a rare disease, its treatment is unknown. There is no way to stop the development and progression of this disease. It only involves regular eye checkups or only cataract surgery. A SICS or Phacoemulsification surgery will be done.

Blue Dot Cataract Surgery

The need for surgery is felt when it makes an impact on our vision. This disease also needs cataract surgery to remove blue and white opacity from the cortex of the lens. It involves two techniques of surgery that is microincision phacoemulsification and laser-assisted cataract surgery. Their cost might differ, and it depends on various factors like the seniority of the eye surgeon, medical fees, etc.

After Blue Dot Cataract Treatment

  • 1. Wear a protective eye cap or eyeglass at night.
  • 2. Before applying any medications to the eye, you must ensure that your hands are clean.
  • 3. Don’t take a bath after the surgery for at least 10 days.
  • 4. Do not rub your eyes with your hands after surgery because it can damage the eye and also cause eye infections.
  • 5. Do not engage yourself in strenuous activities.
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When to See a Doctor

You must consult your doctor when you notice changes in your vision and have low visibility at night. Sometimes experience double vision and see halos or circles whenever looking at light. If you have any kind of eye condition, such as cataract, astigmatism, myopia, etc., then you can connect with Glamyo Health. We provide free OPD consultation with expert ophthalmologists. We also provide our patients with a cost EMI option, free pick-up and drop service, and post-surgery follow-ups that help ease their journey. 

Frequently Asked Questions

Is blue Dot cataract harmful?

Blue dot cataracts might impede your vision to some extent because of their location. These type of cataracts develops as bluish dots and appear as small inside your lens, which don’t really need to be treated as it won’t lead to vision issues, but if it bothers you and your eyes, then it needs to be treated under medical guidance. 

Is blue Dot cataract progressive?

Blue dot cataracts are opaque areas that develop in your eye’s lens, which often have a whitish or bluish color, and it has been found that these types of cataracts are usually progressive and bilateral. 

What is a blue dot in the eyes?

Blue dots around the iris of the eye are caused because of cholesterol deposits because these deposits may be yellowish or white, which may appear to be blue. 

What is the rarest cataract?

Polychromatic cataracts, or Christmas tree, are the rarest kind of cataracts that appears as iridescent crystals and are colorful and form inside the lens. 

What is the youngest age for cataracts?

Cataracts can develop at any stage, but aging is the most common reason that develops cataracts.

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