What does Arthroscopy Mean

Arthroscopy is a boon for people suffering from medical problems related to the joints and bones. The joints and the bone repair need a whole sort of surgery. Some of them are hip replacement surgery, shoulder replacement surgery, knee replacement surgery, etc. Such surgeries require a lot of techniques and time. Arthroscopy deals with minimally invasive surgery rather than opening u the whole damaged area or joint. 

Arthroscopy is the medical surgical procedure that is used for the diagnosis and treatment of the problem of the joints. This is all done by the orthopedic surgeon with the help of a medical instrument that is called arthroscopy. This instrument allows the doctors to look into the damaged areas of the joints. The arthroscope is inserted into the damaged joint through the incision and observed properly by the surgeon. If observed properly the damaged or affected area can be treated. If the damage is not at a higher level, through a minimal incision a small thin pencil-sized instrument could be inserted into it to treat it. 

For such surgeries, it is important to consult an experienced doctor. 

However, some types of arthroscopy could be used. Some of them are mentioned below.

What are different types of Arthroscopy

Three types of arthroscopy could be used. 

Knee Arthroscopy 

Knee arthroscopy is done when there is some issue or damage in the knee. This knee arthroscopy is done by an orthopedic surgeon, who has a good experience in the medical field. This arthroscopy could be used to treat the following ;

  1. 1. Repairment of the anterior cruciate ligament
  2. 2. Repairment of the posterior ligament
  3. 3. Repairing of the fractures. 
  4. 4. Repairing the kneecap is called the patella. 
  5. 5. Removal of the cartilage that could hinder the movement.
  6. 6. Removal of the cyst that might be associated with arthritis.
  7. 7. Repairing of the swollen joint. 

This arthroscopy could be better than other replacement surgery as it takes nearly 1 hour to undergo the whole process. 

The steps involved in the knee arthroscopy are as follows

  1. 1. Anesthesia will be given to the patient.
  2. 2. Small incisions will be made by the surgeon once anesthesia will start working. 
  3. 3. A mixture of saline water is used and inserted into the wound.
  4. 4. After that arthroscopy will be inserted through the incision into the damaged joint.
  5. 5. After pointing out and observing the degree of damage in the affected joint, the doctor will continue the medical and surgical procedures and treatment.
  6. 6. Saline water will be injected out after the whole treatment. 
  7. 7. The stitching will be done by the orthopedic surgeon after surgery.
  8. 8. You will be discharged after the surgery. one must not miss any consultation and medication that will be given and described by the doctors. 
  9. 9. It takes around a week or two for the complete recovery but may differ for different people depending upon many other factors. 
Shoulder Arthroscopy

Shoulder arthroscopy is the surgical method of the treatment of the shoulder area and joint. This treatment could be used for the following 

  1. 1. Shoulder arthroscopy is performed during some tendon damage.
  2. 2. Tearing of the tendon in the shoulder.
  3. 3. Arthritis 
  4. 4. Accident
  5. 5. Infection
  6. 6. Inflammation of joint

The surgery of arthroscopy is also approximately one hour and you can recover within a week or two. But this may vary as there are many other factors as well involved in the recovery process. 

Ankle Arthroscopy 

Ankle arthroscopy is considered to be an effective method for the treatment of the ankle. Need of the ankle arthroscopy is when;

  1. 1. Arthritis affects the joint
  2. 2. Fracture in the ankle
  3. 3. Ligament repairment
  4. 4. Removal of tissues when it starts hindering the movement.
  5. 5. Treatment of infection
  6. 6. Treatment of the damaged cartilage

The advantage of the surgery is that it could be done in a few hours, say in one, and one can get back to the usual routine after recovery within a week or two weeks. The recovery depends on many other factors as well. 

What are the Benefits of Arthroscopy?

Arthroscopy is considered an effective way of treating and diagnosing many diseases and problems related to bones There are several benefits of arthroscopy. 

Some of the benefits of arthroscopy are 

  1. 1. Help in diagnosing many problems like inflammation in the joint, acute injury, chronic injury, Arthritis, and osteoarthritis.
  2. 2. The arthroscopy surgery could be helpful in the removal of the damaged tendon, ligament, and cartilage.
  3. 3. Arthroscopy surgery is a minimally invasive surgery and can be undergone with the help of a small incision hence fewer chances of infection, allergy, and recovery of the healing of the wounds will be much quicker and faster. 
  4. 4. The wound will be healed in less time and it requires less time than usual surgery. 
  5. 5. It can be done in a short duration of approximately one or two hours.
  6. 6. One can recover to go to the usual routine within a week or two, but this period may vary for different people. 
  7. 7. Chances of Infection severity are minimal or low. 

What are the precautions to be followed after the arthroscopy?

The procedure arthroscopy is a surgical process that involves diagnosis and treatment of the damage in the joints and the bone.

However, it is very important to follow some necessary precautions and medications as suggested by doctors or surgeons. 

Some of these are 

  1. 1. The dressing of the operated area should be done regularly, any delay in such a task could lead to many more complications. The chances of infection, allergy, and further pain can arise due to such things. 
  2. 2. You can apply ice and ice packs.
  3. 3. After the surgery, it is advisable to regularly go to the physiotherapist as it will help to recover mobility faster. 
  4. 4. If you observe any kind of complication it is advisable to consult the doctor. 

Frequently Asked Question

What type of surgery is arthroscopy

Arthroscopy is the surgical procedure that is executed during the treatment of the joints and bones with some minimally invasive surgery. This method is an effective one and it takes less time for the medical surgery and procedure. 

Is arthroscopy a major surgery

Arthroscopy is done by doing a little incision and a medical instrument arthroscope is used for this. This instrument is then inserted into the joint and it detects the problem in it. With the observation based upon the search, the orthopedic surgeon continues the procedure of the surgery. The recovery can be observed in one week, or two weeks. This surgery is less complicated and more effective with low chances of infection and allergy. 

How long does it takes to recover from an arthroscopy

Arthroscopy is the surgical process and it takes less time in the procedure hardly one hour that too with fewer chances of medical complications patients may take around one week to two weeks to undergo the recovery process. Hence it can save a lot of time. But the rate of recovery is different in different people and depends on many other factors.

Is arthroscopy painful

Ans Arthroscopy is done with the application of anesthesia injected into the body and hence we can say the procedure might not be that painful but the post-surgery recovery could be painful.

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