Alopecia areata is a disorder that leads your hair to come out. In simple terms, it is an uncommon condition that results in unpredictable hair loss. This condition is also known as autoimmune disease. The amount of hair loss depends on person to person, some people lose hair only from a few spots, and others may lose more than that. In some cases, hair grows back but falls after some time, and in other cases, hair grows back in a healthy condition. To know more about this condition, let’s know about its types. 

Types of Alopecia Areata 

Though the most common condition is Alopecia areata, there are many other types of this condition, such as.

Alopecia areata Universalis – in this type, you lose hair over your whole body.

Alopecia areata totalis – in this type, you lose all hair from your head.

Ophiasis alopecia areata – in this kind of Alopecia, hair loss will occur in a band-shaped near the back and sides of your head.

Diffuse alopecia areata – in this condition, you face sudden hair fall or thinning of hair instead of lost patches of hair. 

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Causes of Alopecia

When a person has an autoimmune disease like Alopecia Areata, then the immune system attacks the body. This condition majorly affects the hair follicles. People believe that the reason behind this condition is genes. However, the causes of alopecia areata are the following. 

  • 1. Asthma 
  • 2. Seasonal allergies 
  • 3. Vitiligo 
  • 4. Down syndrome 
  • 5. When a family member has a the same
  • 6. Pernicious anemia 
  • 7. Thyroid disease

Moreover, this condition may happen when the white blood cells of your body affect the cells in the hair follicles, which leads to shrinking and slowing down the growth and production of hair. The exact cause of the body’s immune system affecting your hair follicles is still unknown. 

Alopecia Caused in Females

It has been estimated that almost 50% of women experience hair loss, including Alopecia. However, generally hair loss faced by women is because of FPHL (female-pattern hair loss). The following are the common reasons that cause hair loss in females.

  • 1. Women above the age of 40.
  • 2. Menopausal women.
  • 3. Hormonal changes. 

Alopecia Caused in Male

Alopecia (hair loss) can attack your overall body or your scalp, and it may also affect you permanently or temporarily. This condition can occur because of hormonal changes, heredity, part of aging, and other medical conditions. People with this problem can lose hair from their heads, but it is more likely to happen in men. 

Symptoms of Alopecia

Hair loss is the major symptom of Alopecia. You may notice the below-mentioned symptoms that may lead to Alopecia.

  • 1. Losing a lot of hair than usuall in less time. 
  • 2. Abnormal hair loss in cold weather.
  • 3. When hair grows back in one part and falls out from the other part of the head.
  • 4. When small patches get larger and grow into a bald or larger spot.
  • 5. Toenails and fingernails get pitted, brittle, and red. 
  • 6. Small bald patches over head or scalp and different parts of the body. 

What you should know about Alopecia Universalis

Alopecia Universalis is a condition where your body loses hair from the entire body and scalp. This problem is an advanced kind of alopecia areata. The exact cause of Alopecia Universalis is still unknown. However, it is believed that it affects the immune system of the body and mistakenly attacks the hair follicles as it is an autoimmune condition.  

Facts about Alopecia Universalis

Here are some facts about alopecia Universalis that you didn’t know. 

  • 1. This condition can occur at any age.
  • 2. It is a friendly fire disease.
  • 3. This condition is asymptomatic.
  • 4. The hair loss is not permanent.
  • 5. It is treatable.
  • 6. Stress can be the major cause.


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Frequently Asked Questions

What is Alopecia caused by?

Alopecia can be a result of hormonal imbalance, aging, and hereditary factors. 

Can Alopecia Be cured?

No, Alopecia can not be cured, but treatments can help in growing hair back more rapidly. 

Can hair grow back after Alopecia?

In most cases, your hair will grow back, but it may take a few months.  

Can Alopecia be serious?

This condition is not a medically serious problem. However, it may affect the psychology of people. 

Does stress cause alopecia?

Yes, stress can be one of the causes of Alopecia. 

What are the 3 types of Alopecia?

Alopecia totalis, Alopecia Universalis, and Alopecia areata are the three kinds of alopecia conditions. 

What can trigger alopecia areata?

Hormonal changes and genetic factors can trigger this condition. 

How do you stop Alopecia from spreading?

Improving diet, reducing stress, and avoiding hair trauma can help to stop this condition from spreading.

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