Kidney stones are solid masses formed from the accumulation of minerals and salts in the kidneys. These stones can be as small as a grain of sand or as large as a golf ball. A 10mm kidney stone is considered a large stone that can cause severe pain and discomfort. This blog will discuss the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for a 10mm kidney stone.

How common are 10mm kidney stones?

Kidney stones are a common condition that affects approximately 1 in 10 people at some point in their lives. The exact prevalence of 10mm kidney stones is not known, as it can vary depending on factors such as age, gender, and underlying medical conditions. However, 10mm kidney stones are quite large and may require more aggressive treatment than smaller stones.

Causes of 10mm Kidney Stone

Kidney stones form when the urine contains a high concentration of minerals and salts. The concentration can occur due to various reasons, including dehydration, certain medical conditions, and dietary habits. The following are some common causes of a 10mm kidney stone:

  1. 1. Dehydration: The lack of sufficient water intake can lead to the concentration of minerals and salts in the urine, causing a 10mm kidney stone to form.
  2. 2. High salt intake: Consuming high amounts of salt in your diet can increase the risk of kidney stone formation.
  3. 3. Genetics: Some people may have a genetic predisposition to kidney stone formation.
  4. 4. Medical conditions: Certain medical conditions such as gout, hyperparathyroidism, and urinary tract infections can lead to the formation of a 10mm kidney stone.
  5. 5. Medications: Some medications, such as diuretics and antacids, can increase the risk of kidney stone formation.

Symptoms of 10mm Kidney Stone

The symptoms of a 10mm kidney stone can be severe and debilitating. The following are some common symptoms of a 10mm kidney stone:

  1. 1. Intense pain: The pain is usually sudden and severe, located in the back, side, or lower abdomen. The pain may also radiate to the groin area.
  2. 2. Nausea and vomiting: The pain can be so severe that it can cause nausea and vomiting.
  3. 3. Frequent urination: You may feel the urge to urinate more frequently than usual.
  4. 4. Blood in urine: The presence of blood in the urine is a common symptom of a 10mm kidney stone.
  5. 5. Fever and chills: If the kidney stone is causing an infection, you may experience fever and chills.

Treatment of 10mm Kidney Stone

The treatment of a 10mm kidney stone depends on various factors, including the size and location of the stone, the severity of symptoms, and any underlying medical conditions. The following are some common treatment options for a 10mm kidney stone:

  1. 1. Observation: Small kidney stones may pass out of the body on their own with the help of sufficient hydration and pain medication. Your doctor may ask you to observe the stone and monitor your symptoms.
  2. 2. Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy (ESWL): ESWL is a minimally invasive procedure that uses shock waves to break the stone into tiny pieces that can pass out of the body through the urine.
  3. 3. Ureteroscopy: Ureteroscopy is a minimally invasive procedure that involves inserting a thin, flexible instrument called a ureteroscope into the urethra and up to the bladder and ureter to locate and remove the stone.
  4. 4. Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PCNL): PCNL is a minimally invasive surgical procedure that involves making a small incision in the back to remove the kidney stone.
  5. 5. Open Surgery: Open surgery is a rare option reserved for large or complicated stones that cannot be treated with other methods.

Glamyo Health offers a free consultation for kidney stone treatment in major Indian cities:
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10mm Kidney Stones: Myths v/s Facts

When it comes to managing kidney stones, it is important to separate fact from fiction. Many myths and misconceptions surround this condition and believing them can potentially harm your health. Here are some common myths and facts about kidney stones:

Myth: Drinking cranberry juice can prevent kidney stones.

Fact: While cranberry juice can have some benefits for urinary tract health, it is not an effective method for preventing kidney stones. In fact, some studies have suggested that consuming large amounts of cranberry juice may increase the risk of developing kidney stones due to its high oxalate content.

Myth: Cutting back on calcium can help prevent kidney stones.

Fact: While it may seem counterintuitive, getting enough calcium in your diet can actually help prevent kidney stones from forming. Calcium binds with oxalate in the digestive tract, preventing it from being absorbed into the bloodstream and reducing the risk of kidney stone formation.

However, it is important to get calcium from food sources rather than supplements, as excess calcium from supplements can increase the risk of kidney stones.

Myth: Only men get kidney stones.

Fact: While men are more likely to develop kidney stones than women, both genders can be affected. Women may be at increased risk of kidney stones during pregnancy, as hormonal changes can affect urine composition and flow.

Myth: Drinking plenty of water can flush out small kidney stones.

Fact: Drinking water is important for managing kidney stones, but it is not a cure-all. Small kidney stones (less than 5mm) may be able to pass on their own with the help of increased fluid intake, but larger stones may require medical intervention.

Myth: Kidney stones only occur in older adults.

Fact: Kidney stones are more common in older adults but can occur at any age. In fact, kidney stones have been increasing in younger age groups in recent years.

It is important to speak with a healthcare provider to get accurate information and recommendations for managing kidney stones. They can guide dietary changes, medication, and other treatments to help prevent and manage kidney stones. By staying informed and taking proactive steps to manage your kidney health, you can reduce your risk of developing kidney stones and other related conditions.

How are 10mm kidney stones diagnosed?

A healthcare provider may suspect the presence of a 10mm kidney stone based on a person’s symptoms, such as severe pain and blood in the urine. To confirm the diagnosis, imaging tests such as a CT scan or ultrasound may be performed to visualize the stone and determine its size and location. Blood and urine tests may also be done to assess kidney function and identify any underlying medical conditions contributing to kidney stone formation.


In conclusion, 10mm kidney stones are a relatively rare but serious condition that can cause significant pain and complications if left untreated. It is important to seek prompt medical attention if you suspect you may have a kidney stone and to work with your healthcare provider to develop an effective treatment plan. By staying well hydrated, making dietary changes, and taking any necessary medications or supplements, you can reduce your risk of developing kidney stones in the future and improve your overall kidney health. If you have any concerns or questions about kidney stones, don’t hesitate to speak with your healthcare provider for guidance and support.

Frequently Asked Questions

Can a 10mm kidney stone pass on its own?

It is possible for a 10mm kidney stone to pass out of the body on its own, but it is rare. Stones larger than 5mm have a lower chance of passing on their own, and a 10mm stone is considered quite large. However, it is important to stay well hydrated and manage pain with medication as directed by a doctor while waiting for the stone to pass.

What can I do to prevent kidney stones from forming?

Staying well-hydrated and drinking plenty of water are one of the most effective ways to prevent kidney stones from forming. Limiting salt and high-oxalate foods in your diet, such as spinach and chocolate, may also be helpful. Your doctor may also recommend medications or supplements to help prevent kidney stones.

How long does it take to recover from kidney stone surgery?

Recovery time after kidney stone surgery depends on the type of surgery performed and the size and location of the stone. ESWL and ureteroscopy procedures typically have shorter recovery times, with most people able to return to normal activities within a few days to a week. PCNL and open surgery may require several weeks of recovery time.

Can kidney stones cause permanent damage to the kidneys?

Large stones can block urine flow, leading to kidney damage or even kidney failure. If left untreated, kidney stones can cause permanent damage to the kidneys. It is important to seek treatment for kidney stones as soon as possible to prevent complications.

Can I prevent a kidney stone from returning?

After experiencing a kidney stone, it is important to prevent future stones from forming. This may include dietary changes, staying well hydrated, and taking medication or supplements as recommended by a doctor. Regular check-ups with a healthcare provider can help monitor for any signs of future stones.

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